Iwona Grabska-Liberek, Katarzyna Skonieczna, Marzena Olesińska, Barbara Terelak-Borys, Jarosław Kocięcki, Mariusz Sikora, Agnieszka Jamrozy-Witkowska, Piotr Tesla, Barbara Czarnocka
Department of Ophthalmology, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw, Poland
Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:828-832
Although elevated intraocular pressure is a major risk factor for the development of glaucoma, there is increasing evidence that the immune system may be involved in the development of normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). The aim of this study was to determine if NTG is associated with elevated levels of antibodies against human heat shock protein (HSP) 60.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 139 subjects (35 subjects with NTG [Group 1], 34 subjects with primary open-angle glaucoma /POAG/ [Group 2], 24 subjects with autoimmune rheumatic diseases [Group 3], and 36 healthy controls [Group 4]). All subjects had complete ophthalmologic examination (visual acuity, slit-lamp examination, tonometry, gonioscopy; visual-field examination, and optical coherence tomography /OCT/ of the optic nerve head and the macula). Blood samples were collected for the measurements of serum levels of antibodies against human HSP60.
RESULTS: The subjects with rheumatic diseases had the highest median serum level of antibodies against HSP60 – 20.49 ng/mL. The values in the subjects with NTG, POAG, and in controls were 18.79 ng/mL, 18.61 ng/mL and 17.61 ng/mL, respectively (p=0.96).
CONCLUSIONS: This study does not confirm the hypothesis that normal-tension glaucoma is associated with elevated blood levels of antibodies against human heat shock protein (HSP) 60.
Keywords: Adult, Aged, 80 and over, Antibodies - blood, Chaperonin 60 - immunology, Demography, Glaucoma - immunology, Poland