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18 January 2015 : Laboratory Research

Up-Regulation of miR-9 Target CBX7 to Regulate Invasion Ability of Bladder Transitional Cell Carcinoma

Dalong XieAE, Chao ShangB, Hui ZhangC, Yan GuoD, Xiaojie TongAG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.893232

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:225-230

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Bladder urothelial carcinoma is the most common genitourinary system cancer in China. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the miR-9 can regulate the invasion ability of human bladder transitional cell carcinoma cells by down-regulation of CBX7.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The expression of miR-9 was detected by quantitative real-time PCR in bladder transitional cell carcinomas (TCC) and normal bladder transitional cell (NBTC) samples. Bioinformatics software was used to predict some potential target genes of miR-9. T24 cells were transfected with pre-miR-9, and the CBX7 protein expression was detected by Western blot. Luciferase activities assay was selected to verify that CBX7 was a direct and specific gene of miR-9. T24 cells were transfected with pcDNA-CBX7, and the expression of CBX7 gene was detected. Then, the transwell assay was used to detect the invasion ability of T24 cells with CBX7 over-expression.

RESULTS: The expression of miR-9 increased significantly in human TCC specimens compared to that in NBTC specimens. TargetScan and PicTar software programs predicted CBX7 gene was a target gene of miR-9. The pre-miR-9 could up-regulate the miR-9 expression and down-regulate CBX7 protein expression. The luciferase activities assay verified that CBX7 gene was a direct and specific target gene of miR-9. The pcDNA-CBX7 transfection could up-regulate the CBX7 protein expression, and the invasion ability of T24 cells with CBX7 over-expression decreased significantly.

CONCLUSIONS: Aberrantly expressed miR-9 contributes to T24 cells invasion, partly through directly down-regulating CBX7 protein expression in TCC. This miRNA signature offers a new potential therapeutic target for TCC.

Keywords: Carcinoma, Transitional Cell - metabolism, 3' Untranslated Regions, China, Computational Biology, Gene Expression Profiling, Polycomb Repressive Complex 1 - metabolism, Urinary Bladder - pathology, Urinary Bladder Neoplasms - pathology

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750