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19 November 2014 : Original article

Serum Adiponectin Relates to Shortened Overall Survival in Men with Squamous Cell Esophageal Cancer Treated with Preoperative Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy: A Pilot Study

Milada ZemanováADE, Barbora StaňkováBD, Zuzana UšiakovaBF, Eva TvrzickáAD, Alexandr PazdroBG, Luboš PetruželkaDG, Miroslav ZemanCEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.891088

Med Sci Monit 2014; 20:2351-2357

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The convergence of nutritional, genetic, and inflammatory factors plays a significant role in the pathophysiology of squamous cell esophageal cancer (SCEC). The parameters of inflammation, indices of nutritional status, and adipocyte-derived hormones such as leptin, adiponectin, and resistin have been shown to be prognostic factors in some gastrointestinal and pancreatic cancers.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-two patients with SCEC were subjected to a multimodal regimen of concurrent neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by surgery. We retrospectively analyzed the impact of pretreatment values of serum leptin, adiponectin, resistin, soluble leptin receptor, C-reactive protein, TNF alpha, leukocytes, and indices of nutritional status (BMI, plasma total protein, albumin, cholesterol, and triacylglycerols) on overall survival (OS).

RESULTS: Univariate analysis revealed significant a negative correlation between OS and serum adiponectin (p=0.027), and a positive relationship was found between serum albumin (p=0.002), cholesterol (p=0.049) level, and OS. In multivariate analysis, only the trend (p=0.086) for negative serum adiponectin association with the OS was observed.

CONCLUSIONS: In men with SCEC treated by neoadjuvant concurrent CRT and esophagectomy, high pretreatment level of serum adiponectin was associated with shorter OS while the serum albumin and cholesterol were associated with longer OS.

Keywords: Adult, Adiponectin - blood, Carcinoma, Squamous Cell - therapy, chemoradiotherapy, Esophageal Neoplasms - therapy, Multivariate Analysis, Pilot Projects, Preoperative Care, Proportional Hazards Models, Survival Analysis

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750