06 June 2014 : Research paper
Med Sci Monit 2014; 20:932-937
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the survival of the most prevalent oral bacteria and fungi (Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, and Candida albicans) in dental casts, and compared changes in the amounts of these microorganisms at different time intervals to determine how long dental casts may pose threat to the health of dental personnel and patients.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: When manufacturing the casts, regular water was replaced with sterile distilled water, where suspensions of the studied bacteria or the fungus at certain concentrations were prepared. When the dental casts were fully set (solidified), plaster shavings were examined immediately after the contact of the studied microorganism with the plaster, as well as after 1, 2, 24, 48, 72, 96, and 120 hours. Following that, we measured how the amount of the studied bacteria and fungi in 1 gram of the plaster changed within the studied period of time.
RESULTS: Klebsiella pneumoniae survived in plaster for up to 4 days, and the reduction in the number of these bacteria became statistically significant after 1 day (p<0.05). Staphylococcus aureus remained viable in plaster for up to 4 days, and the number of these bacteria dropped after 1 day (p<0.05). Escherichia coli disappeared after 2 days, and a reduction was already observed after 2 hours (p<0.05). Candida albicans in plaster models died within 2 days, and a reduction in their number was observed after 1 day (p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The microorganisms did not multiply in the gypsum casts and their number significantly dropped instead of increasing.
Keywords: Bacteria - growth & development, Candida albicans - growth & development, Colony Count, Microbial, Dental Implants - microbiology, Escherichia coli - growth & development, Fungi - growth & development, Klebsiella pneumoniae - physiology, Microbial Viability, Staphylococcus aureus - physiology
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