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06 July 2014 : Original article

Serum adenosine deaminase activity in cutaneous anthrax

Mahmut SunnetciogluABCDEF, Sevdegul KaradasABDEF, Mehmet AslanABDEF, Mehmet Resat CeylanABCDEF, Halit DemirABCDE, Mehmet Resit OncuABDEF, Mustafa Kasım KarahocagilABCDE, Aysel SunnetciogluABCDEF, Cenk AypakACDEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.890472

Med Sci Monit 2014; 20:1151-1154

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity has been discovered in several inflammatory conditions; however, there are no data associated with cutaneous anthrax. The aim of this study was to investigate serum ADA activity in patients with cutaneous anthrax.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen patients with cutaneous anthrax and 17 healthy controls were enrolled. We measured ADA activity; peripheral blood leukocyte, lymphocyte, neutrophil, and monocyte counts; erythrocyte sedimentation rate; and C reactive protein levels.

RESULTS: Serum ADA activity was significantly higher in patients with cutaneous anthrax than in the controls (p<0.001). A positive correlation was observed between ADA activity and lymphocyte counts (r=0.589, p=0.021) in the patient group.

CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that serum ADA could be used as a biochemical marker in cutaneous anthrax.

Keywords: Adult, Adenosine Deaminase - blood, Anthrax - enzymology, Case-Control Studies, Demography, Skin Diseases, Bacterial - enzymology

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750