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19 July 2014 : Original article  

A genetic association study of single nucleotide polymorphisms in GNβ3 and COMT in elderly patients with irritable bowel syndrome

Yuezhi WangBC, Zhengyu WuDE, Hui QiaoCD, Yu ZhangAC

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.890315

Med Sci Monit 2014; 20:1246-1254

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Several polymorphisms have been reported to be associated with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), including C825T, the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), responsible for a truncated G protein β3 subunit (GNβ3), and the Vall158Met substitution in catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT). We investigated the association between these mutations and the prevalence of IBS in 66 elderly Chinese patients.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-six patients (over age 60 years) were diagnosed with IBS according to the Rome III criteria, and divided into 3 groups based on symptom presentation. The groups consisted of 7 patients with constipation, 46 patients with diarrhea, and 13 patients with both or neither symptoms. We enrolled 115 age-matched individuals without IBS as the control group. All patients were evaluated by using the Geriatric Depression Scale, disease progression was recorded, and GNβ3 and COMT were genotyped by PCR.

RESULTS: There was no significant difference in GNβ3 C825T genotype distribution and allele frequency between the 2 groups. In contrast, compared with control subjects, COMT 158Met was significantly more prevalent in the IBS group (P=0.040) and significantly more prevalent in patients with diarrhea (P=0.029). 158Met was also more prevalent in those patients who had experienced symptoms for over 5 years (P=0.022).

CONCLUSIONS: In elderly Chinese patients, the 158Met SNP in COMT is associated with IBS pathogenesis, but the GNβ3-C825T SNP is not associated with IBS pathogenesis.

Keywords: Asian Continental Ancestry Group - genetics, Aged, 80 and over, Catechol O-Methyltransferase - genetics, DNA Primers - genetics, Gene Frequency, Genotype, Heterotrimeric GTP-Binding Proteins - genetics, Irritable Bowel Syndrome - pathology, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide - genetics

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750