02 May 2014 : Original article
Influence of place of residence on indications for genetic amniocentesis in the Pomeranian region of Poland before and after introduction of the Prenatal Screening Program in 2008Katarzyna CiachABEF, Małgorzata Swiatkowska-FreundCDE, Krzysztof PreisBDE
Med Sci Monit 2014; 20:720-724
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to analyze differences in the indications for amniocentesis in patients living in urban and rural areas before and after introduction of the Prenatal Screening Program by Polish National Health Insurance agency in the Pomeranian region in 2008.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Indications for 2578 amniocenteses performed in the Department of Obstetrics of the Medical University of Gdansk between 1996 and 2010 were recorded.
RESULTS: Advanced maternal age accounted for 69% of women in urban areas and 61% of women in rural areas being referred for amniocentesis (p<0.001). There was also a significant difference between locations in chromosomal abnormality in previous pregnancy, accounting for 4% of referrals for amniocentesis in urban areas compared with 7% of referrals in rural areas. In urban areas, advanced maternal age accounted for 73% of referrals between 1996-2007 compared with 60% of referrals for amniocentesis between 2008 and 2010 (p=0.004), and in rural areas it was 66% and 54%, respectively (p<0.001). Abnormal result of biochemical screening surprisingly accounted for 13% of referrals for amniocenteses between 1996-2007 in urban areas compared with 28% after 2008 (p<0.001). In rural areas this indication accounted for 12% referrals before 2008 and for 28% from 2008 onward (p<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study suggest that in both urban and rural areas there was a significant decrease in advanced maternal age as a reason for referral for amniocentesis, but a significant increase in abnormal results of biochemical screening as an indication for amniocentesis after 2008.
Keywords: Amniocentesis - statistics & numerical data, Adult, Cities - statistics & numerical data, Maternal Age, Poland, Pregnancy, Prenatal Diagnosis, Residence Characteristics - statistics & numerical data, Rural Population - statistics & numerical data
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