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23 May 2014 : Original article

Edentulism and other variables associated with self-reported health status in Mexican adults

Carlo Eduardo Medina-SolísACDEF, América Patricia Pontigo-LoyolaADE, Eduardo Pérez-CamposADE, Pedro Hernández-CruzADE, Leticia Avila-BurgosADE, Martha Mendoza-RodríguezADE, Gerardo MaupoméACDE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.890100

Med Sci Monit 2014; 20:843-852

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To determine if edentulism, controlling for other known factors, is associated with subjective self-report health status (SRH) in Mexican adults.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined the SRH of 13 966 individuals 35 years and older, using data from the National Survey of Performance Assessment, a cross-sectional study that is part of the technical collaboration between the Ministry of Health of Mexico and the World Health Organization, which used the survey instrument and sampling strategies developed by WHO for the World Health Survey. Sociodemographic, socioeconomic, medical, and behavioral variables were collected using questionnaires. Self-reported health was our dependent variable. Data on edentulism were available from 20 of the 32 Mexican states. A polynomial logistic regression model adjusted for complex sampling was generated.

RESULTS: In the SRH, 58.2% reported their health status as very good/good, 33.8% said they had a moderate health status, and 8.0% reported that their health was bad/very bad. The association between edentulism and SRH was modified by age and was significant only for bad/very bad SRH. Higher odds of reporting moderate health or poor/very poor health were found in women, people with lower socio-economic status and with physical disabilities, those who were not physically active, or those who were underweight or obese, those who had any chronic disease, and those who used alcohol.

CONCLUSIONS: The association of edentulism with a self-report of a poor health status (poor/very poor) was higher in young people than in adults. The results suggest socioeconomic inequalities in SRH. Inequality was further confirmed among people who had a general health condition or a disability. Dentists and health care professionals need to recognize the effect of edentulism on quality of life among elders people.

Keywords: Demography, Adult, Health Status, Logistic Models, Mexico - epidemiology, Mouth, Edentulous - epidemiology, Multivariate Analysis, self report, Socioeconomic Factors

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750