A comparative controlled trial comparing the effects of yoga and walking for overweight and obese adults
Shirley Telles, Sachin Kr. Sharma, Arti Yadav, Nilkamal Singh, Acharya Balkrishna
(Patanjali Research Foundation, Haridwar, India)
Med Sci Monit 2014; 20:894-904
Walking and yoga have been independently evaluated for weight control; however, there are very few studies comparing the 2 with randomization.
Material and Methods: The present study compared the effects of 90 minutes/day for 15 days of supervised yoga or supervised walking on: (i) related biochemistry, (ii) anthropometric variables, (iii) body composition, (iv) postural stability, and (v) bilateral hand grip strength in overweight and obese persons. Sixty-eight participants, of whom 5 were overweight (BMI ≥25 kg/m2) and 63 were obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m2; group mean age ±S.D., 36.4±11.2 years; 35 females), were randomized as 2 groups – (i) a yoga group and (ii) a walking group – given the same diet.
Results: All differences were pre-post changes within each group. Both groups showed a significant (p<0.05; repeated measures ANOVA, post-hoc analyses) decrease in: BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference, lean mass, body water, and total cholesterol. The yoga group increased serum leptin (p<0.01) and decreased LDL cholesterol (p<0.05). The walking group decreased serum adiponectin (p<0.05) and triglycerides (p<0.05).
Conclusions: Both yoga and walking improved anthropometric variables and serum lipid profile in overweight and obese persons. The possible implications are discussed.
Keywords: Adult, Adipokines - blood, Analysis of Variance, Anthropometry, Body Composition - physiology, Female, Hand Strength, Humans, Lipids - blood, Male, Obesity - physiopathology, Postural Balance - physiology, Walking, Yoga