Grzegorz Mańko, Dariusz Kruczkowski, Tomasz Niźnikowski, Jacek Perliński, Marzena Chantsoulis, Joanna Pokorska, Beata Łukaszewska, Artur Ziółkowski, Marek Graczyk, Małgorzata Starczyńska, Jarosław Jaszczur-Nowicki
(Department of Ergonomics and Exertion Physiology, Institute of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland)
Med Sci Monit 2014; 20:1841-1849
The aim of the research was an evaluation of 2 training programs covering the same standard physical activity in the initial stage (warm-up) and the main (motor exercises) as well as a separate end part in Program A of stretching and in Programme B of vibration training designed to improve the level of body balance.
Material and Methods: We tested 40 randomly chosen students of the Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, subsequently divided into two 20-person groups: C (average age 21.3±1.2), and E (average age 21.8±1.1). The training of body balance was conducted for 8 weeks: we used in Group C Program A and in group E Program B. The evaluation of body balance was done 3 times: at the beginning, at midway point, and at the end of the experiment. The stabilographic tests with posture-graphical method and the task of 1-leg balance standing with eyes closed was used.
Results: It was found that in the first examination both groups did not significantly differ in terms of the tested parameters of balance. During the training process we obtained increased time of maintaining balance on 1 leg. This difference was significant between tests 1 and 2 both for Group C (p=0.0002) and for E (p=0.0034), while between the tests 2 and 3 in Group E (p=0.0213) only.
Conclusions: The training Program B is more effective to maintain balance on 1 leg when compared to Program A.
Keywords: Animals, Adult, Body Composition, Exercise, Humans, Motor Activity, Rabbits, young adult