28 June 2012
Diagnosis-specific graded prognostic assessment score is valid in patients with brain metastases treated in routine clinical practice in two European countriesCarsten NiederACDEF, Nicolaus H. AndratschkeBDE, Hans GeinitzADE, Anca L. GrosuADE
Med Sci Monit 2012; 18(7): CR450-455
Background: Assessment of cancer- and host-related prognostic factors has a long tradition in patients with brain metastases. In continuation of large-scale studies performed by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) in the United States, the 4-tiered diagnosis-specific graded prognostic assessment (DS-GPA) score has been developed. It stratifies patients with common primary tumours metastasizing to the brain (malignant melanoma, lung, breast, kidney and gastrointestinal cancers) into subgroups with different prognoses. However, many patients in the DS-GPA study were treated with surgical resection or radiosurgery (SRS). The present multi-institutional analysis examined for the first time whether DS-GPA is a valid score in European patients managed in routine clinical practice.
Material/Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of 412 patients with primary malignant melanoma, lung, breast, kidney or gastrointestinal cancers. Survival was evaluated in uni- and multivariate tests.
Results: DS-GPA significantly predicted survival and outperformed initial GPA, a score that is not diagnosis-specific. Median survival by DS-GPA strata (all 412 patients) was 2.7, 3.6, 7.0 and 11.3 months in the 4 groups with 0–1, 1.5–2, 2.5-3 and 3.5–4 points, respectively. The previously published survival data (median 7.2 months for all patients) could not be replicated in this cohort (median 3.6 months).
Conclusions: DS-GPA is a valid prognostic score that might improve shared decision making as well as patient stratification in prospective clinical trials.
Keywords: Proportional Hazards Models, Prognosis, Physician's Practice Patterns, Multivariate Analysis, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Europe, Brain Neoplasms - therapy, Aged, 80 and over, Reproducibility of Results, young adult
01 December 2021 : EditorialEditorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048
04 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069
22 April 2022 : Clinical ResearchFactors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936547
27 April 2022 : Meta-AnalysisEffect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Serum Vitamin D Levels in People Under Age 18 Years: A Systematic Review...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935823
20 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchEfficacy of Focused Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy in Chronic Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized 3-...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936614
19 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchAssociation Between Serum Homocysteine Levels and Severity of Diabetic Kidney Disease in 489 Patients with ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936323
18 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchPhysical and Psychosocial Concept Domains Related to Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) in 50 Girls and ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936801
Most Viewed Current Articles
31 Dec 1969 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
31 Dec 1969 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
31 Dec 1969 : Review articleLong-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996