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28 June 2012

The quality of life of persons with TBI in the process of a Comprehensive Rehabilitation Program

Maria PąchalskaABCDEFG, Grzegorz MańkoABCDEFG, Marzena ChantsoulisABDEF, Henryk KnapikABCEF, Andrzej MirskiABDEF, Natalia MirskaABEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.883211

Med Sci Monit 2012; 18(7): CR432-442

Abstract

Background: The aim of the research was to evaluate the effectiveness of the phased rehabilitation program in patients after traumatic brain injury, one developed by the authors and controlled by the strategic plan, pertaining to their quality of life compared to patients treated according to a standard, phased rehabilitation program.
Material/Methods: The study included 40 patients of post traumatic brain injury treated at the Rehabilitation Clinic of the L. Rydygier Academy of Medical Sciences in Bydgoszcz and the Department of Medical Rehabilitation of the Cracow Rehabilitation Centre. An experimental group included 20 patients rehabilitated by a strategic approach and a control group consisted of 20 patients treated before the introduction of this approach. In assessing the effectiveness of rehabilitation, a structured interview was used with clinical observation and the Battery of Quality of Life Assessment. The study was conducted twice: before and after eight weeks of rehabilitation.
Results: The quality of life of people after brain injury is affected by self-service difficulties, difficulties in meeting the physiological needs and loss of psychophysical comfort, decreased mobility, impaired cognitive functions and executive and social functions. There is no consistency between the stated (subjective) level of quality of life of the patient, and the depth of objectively measured disability resulting from the injury sustained.
Conclusions: A rehabilitation program controlled by a strategic plan, in collaboration with the patient treated subjectively is more effective in improving the quality of life, since the cooperating patient is more motivated to carry out individually designed goals. A rehabilitation program based on a strategic plan is worthy of recommendation for the treatment and improvement of patients after cranio-cerebral trauma.

Keywords: Child, Case-Control Studies, Brain Injuries - rehabilitation, Adult, Adolescent, Quality of Life

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