Social intelligence and adequate self-expression in patients with orbitofrontal cortex injury and in the criminals
Maria Pąchalska, Beata Ledwoch, Marek Moskała, Katarzyna Zieniewicz, Grzegorz Mańko, Jarosław Polak
Med Sci Monit 2012; 18(6): CR367-373
Available online: 2012-06-01
Background: The aim of present article is to compare patients with damage to the orbitofrontal cortex and prison inmates in terms of social intelligence and social intelligence monitoring. In addition, personal principles and emotional regulation of behavior will be assessed in both groups.
Material/Methods: 20 patients with orbitofrontal cortical injury, 20 prisoners and 20 controls answered questions from the Social Interactions Assessment Questionnaire. Then they evaluated their self-disclosure, reported their emotions related to self-disclosure and declared their personal principles concerning conversations with strangers.
Results: The patients with damage to the orbitofrontal cortex disclosed themselves to a stranger less appropriately than did other subjects, and did not assess it critically. They also violated their own declared principles, but did not feel embarrassed because of that. The prison inmates spoke out less forthrightly on many topics and felt confused during the whole examination.
Conclusions: Damage to the the orbital part of frontal lobes may result in a disorder of self-disclosure monitoring and impairment of social intelligence in conversations with unknown persons. Prison inmates give information about themselves unwillingly, which may result from their specific experiences during criminal and judicatory procedures and confinement.
Keywords: Emotions - physiology, Emotional Intelligence - physiology, Criminals - psychology, Adult, Models, Biological, Prefrontal Cortex - physiopathology