Karolina Kryczka, Zofia Dzielińska, Andrzej Przybylski, Julia Szczudlik, Joanna Dangel, Marek Konka, Krzysztof Czajkowski, Jacek Różański, Zofia T. Bilińska, Marcin Demkow
Med Sci Monit 2012; 18(5): CQ5-7
Therapeutic management in pregnant patients with heart failure still remains a challenge, even though in most pregnant women with cardiac diseases an outcome is good. A 32-year-old woman, 17 weeks pregnant, was admitted to hospital with heart failure (HF) NYHA class III/IV. Echocardiography revealed enlarged LV, LVEF 13%, significant mitral insufficiency and pulmonary hypertension. The patient wished to continue the pregnancy. In a life-threatening condition, metoprolol, enalapril, spironolactone (for 5 days), furosemide, and digitalis were administered. Enalapril was continued for 42 days. Then the patient was switched to a dihydralazine and isosorbide mononitrate regimen. The fetus was controlled ultrasonographically. In the 19th week of pregnancy, the patient’s condition improved (NYHA class II, LVEF 23%). The patient experienced 2 more episodes of HF exacerbation. In the 26th week of pregnancy, in a primary prevention of sudden cardiac death and because of 2nd-degree AV block, an ICD was implanted. In the 32nd week of pregnancy a cesarean section was performed. A male infant was delivered. The patient made a good recovery and was discharged on the 7th postoperative day. The newborn was discharged after 4 weeks, in good general condition. At 1-year follow-up the patient presented NYHA class II.
Keywords: Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications - therapy, Metoprolol - therapeutic use, Heart Failure - physiopathology, Furosemide - therapeutic use, Enalapril - therapeutic use, Drug Therapy, Combination, Digitalis, Adult, Spironolactone - therapeutic use, Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color