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eISSN: 1643-3750

Salvage surgery of recurrence after laryngectomy – when should the alt free flap be modified?

Adam Maciejewski, Łukasz Krakowczyk, Cezary Szymczyk, Janusz Wierzgoń, Maciej Grajek, Mirosław Dobrut, Ryszard Szumniak, Piotr Jędrzejewski, Stanisław Półtorak

Med Sci Monit 2012; 18(4): CS31-36

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.882606

Available online: 2012-04-01

Published: 2012-04-01

Background:    Reconstruction of the pharynx and cervical esophagus has significantly progressed in the last 2 decades. A revolution in microvascular surgery has provided numerous choices for primary restoration, or in secondary reconstructions necessary for recurrences or complications of primary surgery. The goals of reconstruction after laryngopharyngoesophagectomy are to provide continuity of the alimentary tract, to protect major blood vessels, to heal the primary wound, and to restore the swallowing and breathing functions with minimal donor site and neck morbidity and deformation.
    Case Report:    We present 3 cases with complex defects of the laryngopharynx, cervical esophagus and trachea and anterior neck skin following central neck exenteration safely reconstructed with a single anterolateral thigh flap. No postoperative complications occurred in any of the 3 cases of reconstructions, each using a single anterolateral thigh flap.
    Conclusions:    This approach significantly simplified the reconstruction, with quick recovery, short hospital stay and excellent functional and aesthetic results.

Keywords: Larynx - surgery, Laryngectomy - methods, Free Tissue Flaps, Recurrence, Salvage Therapy