22 December 2011
Med Sci Monit 2012; 18(1): BR54-59
Background: Tumor growth in multiple myeloma (MM) is regulated by the cytokine networks which are produced by myeloma cells and the microenvironment of the bone marrow. Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is implicated in the increased angiogenesis in the bone marrow of MM. Recent studies reported elevated levels of interleukin 17A (IL-17A) in the sera of patients with advanced stages according to Durie-Salmon classification.
Material/Methods: We compared the concentration of IL-17A and IL-17E in the blood serum of 34 newly diagnosed MM patients with healthy subjects’ sera. We also evaluated the concentration of IL-17A and IL-17E in the blood serum of MM patients and the relation to the percentage of plasma cells and other clinical parameters. The concentration of IL-17E and IL-17A of healthy subjects and patients with MM was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
Results: Our data confirm that IL-17A and IL-17E serum levels were significantly higher in all MM patients and also in patients with advanced stage compared with healthy subjects. We found the correlation between serum levels of IL-17A in MM patients and percentage of plasma cells. Our results also showed that if serum levels of IL-17E were higher in MM patients, the percentage of plasma cells and beta-2-microglobulin levels were lower.
Conclusions: The IL-17 family of cytokines may suppress or promote tumor growth. There seems to be some balance between the effects of IL-17A and IL-17E. The role of increased levels of IL-17E needs further investigation to understand its role in the pathobiology of MM.
Keywords: Multiple Myeloma - physiopathology, Interleukin-17 - metabolism, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Bone Marrow - physiopathology, Aged, 80 and over, Neovascularization, Pathologic - physiopathology
This Week Editorial
20 September 2021 : EditorialEditorial: Autoantibodies to Components of the Immune System, Including Type 1 Interferons, and the Risk of Severe COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e934766
22 September 2021 : EditorialEditorial: Global Regulatory Initiatives Deliver Accelerated Approval of the First Bispecific Therapeutic M...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934854
08 September 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932788
16 July 2021 : Review articleSilent Hypoxemia in Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Review
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.930776
24 Sep 2021 : Clinical ResearchA Single-Center Study of a Resin Inlay Dental Implant-Fixed Prosthesis for Closing Proximal Contact Loss in...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933809
24 Sep 2021 : Database AnalysisRelationships Between Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Disease: A Bibliometric Analysis (2010-2021)
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933448
24 Sep 2021 : Database AnalysisA Statistical Prediction Model for Survival After Kidney Transplantation from Deceased Donors
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933559
20 Mar 2020 : Clinical ResearchSocial Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921
15 Apr 2020 : Clinical ResearchPsychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171
05 May 2020 : Review articleAn Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700