Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

22 August 2011

Significant oral graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic stem cell transplantation with the FLU/MEL conditioning regimen

Samuel VokurkaABDEF, Tomas SvobodaBE, Michal KarasBE, Vladimir KozaA, Pavel JindraE, Dmitry KazakovEF, Ludmila BoudovaBDE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.881933

Med Sci Monit 2011; 17(9): CR480-484

Abstract

Background: Oral graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a significant complication after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) and there is no consistent information about its characteristics in patients after reduced-intensity conditioning regimen FLU/MEL (fludarabine 120 mg/m2 and melphalan 140mg/m2).
Material/Methods: This was a single-centre prospective observational study of patients after allogeneic SCT with FLU/MEL conditioning performed during the period 1/2005-12/2007. Characteristics of oral GVHD were observed in 71 patients. The observation was discontinued due to death, donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) or new chemotherapy administration.
Results: In 10/2010, the median duration of the observation of the cohort of the patients was 13 (0.2–69) months, and 42 (35–69) months in the still-ongoing 20/71 (28%) patients. Oral acute GVHD had sporadic 7% incidence, whereas oral chronic GVHD was observed in 33% of patients and persisted with median duration of 188 (11–665) days. Clinical and histopathological features were similar in both acute and chronic oral GVHD and included mucosal lichenoid changes, erythema, ulcerations and pseudomembranes, satellite necrosis, apoptotic bodies and lichenoid interface inflammation.
Conclusions: It is necessary to consider complex clinical symptomatology and pathological correlations when classifying the oral GVHD, because local oral symptoms and histopathological features in both acute and chronic oral GVHD forms can be similar. Even though the oral chronic GVHD was mild in the majority of patients, it can be considered as clinically significant due to its incidence, duration and symptomatology. The FLU/MEL conditioning regimen should not be considered as low-risk protocol in this context.

Keywords: Stem Cell Transplantation - adverse effects, Mouth Diseases - pathology, Melphalan - therapeutic use, Graft vs Host Disease - pathology, Chronic Disease, Acute Disease, Transplantation Conditioning - adverse effects, Transplantation, Homologous, Vidarabine - therapeutic use, young adult

Comments

Editorial

01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937048

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

04 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069  

22 April 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936547  

27 April 2022 : Meta-Analysis  

Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Serum Vitamin D Levels in People Under Age 18 Years: A Systematic Review...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935823  

01 December 2021 : Clinical Research  

COVID-19: Another Cause of Dental Anxiety?

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936535

In Press

20 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Efficacy of Focused Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy in Chronic Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized 3-...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936614  

19 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Association Between Serum Homocysteine Levels and Severity of Diabetic Kidney Disease in 489 Patients with ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936323  

18 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Physical and Psychosocial Concept Domains Related to Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) in 50 Girls and ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936801  

18 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Association Between Variants of the Mannose-Binding Lectin 2 Gene and Susceptibility to Sepsis in the Haina...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936134  

Most Viewed Current Articles

31 Dec 1969 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

31 Dec 1969 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

31 Dec 1969 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

31 Dec 1969 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750