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Actin cytoskeleton modulates ADMA-induced NF-kappaB nuclear translocation and ICAM-1 expression in endothelial cells

Wei-Kang Guo, Dong-Liang Zhang, Xin-Xin Wang, Wei Kong, Yu Zhang, Qi-Dong Zhang, Wen-Hu Liu

Med Sci Monit 2011; 17(9): BR242-247

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.881927

Available online: 2011-08-22

Published: 2011-08-22

Background:    Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, increases the activity of NF-κB (NF-κB) and then induces the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). However, the mechanisms regulating ADMA-induced NF-κB activation are unknown. This study investigated the function of actin cytoskeleton for ADMA-induced NF-κB activation and ICAM-1 expression in endothelial cells.
    Material/Methods:    Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were cultured and left untreated or challenged for 24h with 100 µM ADMA in the absence and presence of 5 µM cytochalasin D (Cyt D), or 1 µM Jasplakinolide (Jas). The form of actin cytoskeleton, the translocation of NF-κB, NF-κB DNA binding activity, and the expression of ICAM-1 were determined.
    Results:    ADMA increased the formation of stress fiber in endothelial cells, and Cyt D clearly induced destabilization of the actin filaments. Either stabilizing or destabilizing the actin cytoskeleton prevented ADMA-induced NF-κB activation. It also showed that the inhibition of NF-κB activity was due to the impaired NF-κB nuclear translocation. Further, stabilizing or destabilizing the actin cytoskeleton inhibited the expression of the NF-κB target protein, ICAM-1.
    Conclusions:    Actin cytoskeleton may be engaged in modulated ADMA-induced NF-κB activation and thereby ICAM-1 expression in endothelial cells.

Keywords: Protein Transport - drug effects, Protein Binding - drug effects, NF-kappa B - metabolism, Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 - metabolism, Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells - metabolism, Depsipeptides - pharmacology, DNA - metabolism, Cytochalasin D - pharmacology, Cell Nucleus - metabolism, Arginine - pharmacology, Actin Cytoskeleton - metabolism, Stress Fibers - metabolism, Transcription Factor RelA - metabolism