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01 June 2011

Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy after conventional coronary artery bypass graft surgery

Mariola DoreckaABDEF, Joanna Miniewicz-KurkowskaABDEF, Dorota RomaniukAFG, Urszula Gajdzik-GajdeckaAFG, Bogumila Wojcik-NiklewskaAD

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.881798

Med Sci Monit 2011; 17(6): CS70-74

Abstract

Background: Perioperative optic neuropathy is a disease which can lead to serious, irreversible damage of vision. This complication could be the result of non-ocular surgery, for example, cardiac or spinal procedures.
We present a case of anterior ischemic neuropathy (AION) which occurred following a conventional coronary artery bypass graft procedure.
Case Report: A 57-year-old man, 4 days after Conventional Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery as result of multi-vessel stabile coronary artery disease and history of anterolateral wall myocardial infarction, was admitted to the Eye Clinic due to significant loss of vision in his right eye. The patient had hypertension and was a heavy smoker. On admission, the slit lamp examination revealed a relative afferent pupillary defect in the right eye. The fundus examination showed optic disc edema with the presence of flame hemorrhages. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.02. The results of eye examination and fluorescein angiography confirmed the diagnosis of AION. Anti-aggregation and antithrombotic treatment was continued with steroids and vasodilators. After 7 days of this treatment we noticed the improvement of BCVA to 0.2. At 6-month follow-up, the vision was stable, and fundus examination revealed optic disc atrophy.
Conclusions: After cardiac surgical operations, such as coronary artery bypass graft procedures, anterior ischemic optic neuropathy may occur. In those cases, close cooperation between the various specialists is necessary.

Keywords: Optic Neuropathy, Ischemic - radiography, Fundus Oculi, Fluorescein Angiography, Eye - radiography, Coronary Artery Bypass - adverse effects

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