Seyyed Morteza Kazemi, Laleh Daftari Besheli, Alireza Eajazi, Mohammad Reza Miniator Sajadi, Mohammad Ali Okhovatpoor, Ramin Farhang Zanganeh, Reza Minaei
Med Sci Monit 2011; 17(5): CR292-296
Available online: 2011-04-24
Background: One of the complications of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) which has not yet been directly addressed is pseudo-patella baja (PPB). True patella baja (PB) is present when the length of the patellar tendon becomes shorter. PPB is present when the patella tendon is not shortened, but the level of the joint line is elevated. This study was conducted to assess PPB in TKA.
Material/Methods: Sixty patients who had had a primary TKA at our center between 1995 and 2005 were included. The average follow-up was 27.5 months. The Knee Society Scoring (KSS), lateral knee x-rays and the Blackburne-Peel index were used for assessments.
Results: Out of the 60 patients, 43 (72%) demonstrated no joint line elevation or patellar tendon shortening (group A). Fifteen patients (25%) had joint line elevation (group B), and both PB and PPB were present in 2 (3%) patients (group C). KSS was lower in groups B and C compared with group A, but this difference was not statistically significant. The average range of motion (ROM) in group A was significantly higher compared with either group B or C, and patients in groups B and C showed significantly more severe pain compared with group A (P<0.001).
Conclusions: PPB is not an uncommon finding after TKA and is associated with a statistically significant decrease in ROM and an increase in pain. Furthermore, KSS in the PPB group was less than in patients without PPB, although the difference was not statistically meaningful.
Keywords: Patella - surgery, Pain, Postoperative - etiology, Incidence, Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee - adverse effects, Adult, Postoperative Care, Preoperative Care, Range of Motion, Articular