Successful operative management of an intact second trimester abdominal pregnancy with additional preoperative selective catheter embolization and postoperative methotrexate therapy
Csaba Demendi, Zoltán Langmár, Ferenc Bánhidy, Balázs Börzsönyi, Éva Csatlós, József Gábor Joó
Med Sci Monit 2011; 17(5): CS53-55
Available online: 2011-04-24
Background: Abdominal pregnancy is a rare condition that may lead to severe complications.
Case Report: The authors report the case of a 17-week intact abdominal pregnancy diagnosed in the course of an investigation of lower abdominal pain. Ultrasonography and MR examination revealed an intact abdominal pregnancy. Subsequent angiography was performed to occlude the supportive artery of the pregnancy by selective embolization. The pregnancy was terminated safely by laparotomy a day later. The placenta was left in the abdominal cavity because of the high risk of massive and often uncontrollable bleeding, and treatment with methotrexate was applied postoperatively.
Conclusions: Preoperative embolization and the postoperative methotrexate therapy facilitate the safe surgical treatment of abdominal pregnancy.
Keywords: Pregnancy Trimester, Second - physiology, Pregnancy, Methotrexate - therapeutic use, Humans, Female, Embolization, Therapeutic, catheters, Angiography, Adult, Pregnancy, Abdominal - surgery, Treatment Outcome