Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 August 2010

Effect of Khat (Qat) consumption on pain during and after local anesthesia for patients undergoing cataract surgery

Mahfouth BamashmusABCDEF, Nabeel Y. OthrobABCDEF, Ahmed MousaCDE, Waleed Al-TayADEF

Med Sci Monit 2010; 16(8): SR29-33 :: ID: 881087

Abstract

Background: The leaves of the Khat (Qat) plant (Catha edulis), which contain amphetamine-like compounds, are widely chewed in Yemen and East Africa for their pleasurable stimulant properties and for their psychostimulative effects. Khat consumption has a number of unwanted side-effects. This study investigates effects of Khat consumption on the quality of local anesthesia with peribulbar injection and patient perception of pain after administration of local anesthesia for routine cataract extraction.
Material/Methods: This single-center, prospective trial included 323 consecutive patients undergoing routine cataract extraction for senile cataract. Cataract surgery was performed within 10 minutes of the administration of local anesthesia. The patients were divided into 2 groups: Group A for those who are consuming Khat on a regular basis and Group B for those who had not consumed Khat within the last 3 months. To assess pain experience during injection, intraoperatively, and postoperatively, each patient was asked to use a 10-point pain score chart.
Results: The study included 164 males and 159 females. There were 121 patients (37.5%) in Group A and 202 patients (62.5%) in group B. All patients had peribulbar local anesthesia by 2-site injections. Group A had significantly greater pain scores during injection (p=0.000821) and intraoperatively (p=0.000001), but there was no difference in pain score postoperatively.
Conclusions: Khat consumption decreases pain threshold and affects patients’ comfort during local anesthesia and during surgery in routine cataract surgery. Patients consuming Khat need more care during local anesthesia to make the surgery comfortable.

Keywords: Catha - adverse effects, Cataract Extraction - adverse effects, Anesthesia, Local, Adult, Mastication, Pain - etiology

0 Comments

Weekly Editorial

11 October 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Adults (MIS-A) and the Spectrum of COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935005

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935005

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

13 October 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: Global Initiatives Support the Use and Regulation of Digital Health Technology During the COVID-...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935123  

11 October 2021 : Clinical Research

Clinical Features and Temporal Lung Radiographic Changes in 25 Patients Recovering from COVID-19 Pneumonia:...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933381  

08 September 2021 : Clinical Research

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932788  

12 October 2021 : Review article

Silent Hypoxemia in Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Review

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e930776

In Press

13 Oct 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: Global Initiatives Support the Use and Regulation of Digital Health Technology During the COVID-...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935123  

13 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

Endovascular Repair of Thoracic Aorta Injury: 17 Years of Single-Center Experience

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934479  

11 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

Challenges for Polish Community Pharmacists in Provision of Services to Immigrants and Non-Polish-Speakers ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933678  

11 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

Epidemiology of Birth Defects in Eastern China and the Associated Risk Factors

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933782  

Most Viewed Current Articles

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750