Logo MSM

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo MSM Logo MSM Logo MSM

01 April 2010

Association between toll-like receptor polymorphisms and serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and its soluble receptors in obese children

Agnes JermendyABCDEF, Anna KornerBDEF, Margit KovacsBDF, Edit KaszasB, Judit BalázsovicsB, Albert SzocsB, Laszlo MadacsyBDEFG, Karoly CsehADEFG

Med Sci Monit 2010; 16(4): CR180-185 :: ID: 878499


In obesity, increased tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha level is involved in the development of insulin resistance. Toll-like receptor (TLR)-4 and TLR2 are expressed in adipose tissue, and polymorphisms of these receptors may influence TNF-alpha secretion from adipocytes. In our study, TNF-alpha, soluble TNF receptor 1 (sTNFR1), and soluble TNF receptor 2 (sTNFR2) levels were determined, and any association between polymorphisms of TLR4 (D299G, T399I), TLR2 (R753Q, R677W), and cytokine levels was assessed in obese children and non-obese control subjects.
Material and Method
In a cross-sectional study, 79 obese children and 42 matched non-obese control children were investigated. Cytokine levels were measured by enzyme amplified sensitivity immunoassay. TLR4 and TLR2 polymorphisms were determined using polymerase chain reaction - restriction fragment length polymorphism technique.
TNF-alpha and sTNFR2 levels in obese children were significantly (P<.01) higher than controls. Significant (P<.05), positive, linear correlations were observed between TNF-alpha, sTNFR2 levels, and BMI. Patients carrying the mutant alleles of TLR4 (299G and 399I) had lower TNF-alpha and sTNFR2 levels compared to patients carrying wild-type alleles (299D and 399T) (TNF-alpha 4.4+/-0.7 pg/mL vs 5.5+/-0.9 pg/mL; sTNFR2 2.9+/-1.2 ng/mL vs 4.4+/-1.1 ng/mL; P<.001). The R753Q polymorphism of TLR2 was not associated with altered cytokine levels, and the R677W polymorphism was not detected in the sample population.
Serum levels of TNF-alpha and its soluble receptors are elevated and associated with increasing BMI values in obese children. Serum cytokine levels, as modifying factors of insulin resistance, may be affected by TLR4 polymorphisms in obese children.

Keywords: Toll-Like Receptor 4 - genetics, Toll-Like Receptor 2 - genetics, Obesity - genetics, Polymorphism, Genetic, Insulin Resistance - genetics, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay - methods, Cytokines - metabolism, Cross-Sectional Studies, Child, Body Mass Index, Alleles, Adolescent, Toll-Like Receptors - genetics, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha - genetics


This Week Editorial

20 September 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: Autoantibodies to Components of the Immune System, Including Type 1 Interferons, and the Risk of Severe COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934766

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e934766

Coronavirus/Covid 19

22 September 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: Global Regulatory Initiatives Deliver Accelerated Approval of the First Bispecific Therapeutic M...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934854  

08 September 2021 : Clinical Research

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932788  

16 July 2021 : Review article

Silent Hypoxemia in Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.930776  

09 July 2021 : Database Analysis

A Simple Clinical Prediction Tool for COVID-19 in Primary Care with Epidemiology: Temperature-Leukocytes-CT...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.931467  

In Press

23 Sep 2021 : Animal Research

Forkhead Box Protein M1 Promotes Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Cell Tumorigenesis Possibly via the Wnt/β-Catenin...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.931970  

22 Sep 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: Global Regulatory Initiatives Deliver Accelerated Approval of the First Bispecific Therapeutic M...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934854  

22 Sep 2021 : Clinical Research

A Comparative Study of the Clinical Efficacy and Safety of Pneumatic Trabeculoplasty and Selective Laser Tr...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933454  

20 Sep 2021 : Clinical Research

Comparison of the Use of Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Partial Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears Using Maxim...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932228  

Most Viewed

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750