Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 December 2009

ADHD and growth: anthropometric changes in medicated and non-medicated ADHD boys

Radek PtacekABCDEFG, Hana KuzelovaABDEF, Ivo PacltABDEG, Ilja ZukovBE, Slavomil FischerEF

Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(12): CR595-599 :: ID: 878275

Abstract

Background
ADHD children can show changes in growth and development. Many studies describe these changes as a side effect of stimulant medication. However, changes in somatic development can also appear in non-medicated children. This suggests that the changes could be a manifestation of the disorder itself and not just a side effect of the treatment.
Material and Method
This study compared anthropometric characteristics in medicated and non-medicated ADHD boys (n=104, age 4-16 years) with the normal non-clinical population. In contrast to most previous studies, complex anthropometrical measurements were used.
Results
The results showed significant differences between children with ADHD and those without the diagnosis, the differences found to be statistically significant (p<0.01) being signs of nutrition (percentage of fat, abdominal circumference) and growth suppression (lower body height, smaller head circumference). Differences between the medicated and non-medicated groups corresponded only to a lower value of body fat in the medicated children.
Conclusions
These results suggest that growth changes in ADHD children may be more specific to the disorder itself than to stimulant treatment.

Keywords: Methylphenidate - adverse effects, Growth - drug effects, Child, Preschool, Child, Child Development - drug effects, Central Nervous System Stimulants - adverse effects, Body Weight - drug effects, Body Height - drug effects, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity - pathology, Anthropometry, Adolescent, Nutritional Status - drug effects

0 Comments

Weekly Editorial

18 October 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: Global Initiatives Support the Use and Regulation of Digital Health Technology During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935123

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935123

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

20 October 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: The 2021 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines on the Real-World Prevention of Atheros...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935172  

22 October 2021 : Clinical Research

A Novel Method for the Production of an Autologous Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Catabolic Product (Cytorich) ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934365  

11 October 2021 : Clinical Research

Clinical Features and Temporal Lung Radiographic Changes in 25 Patients Recovering from COVID-19 Pneumonia:...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933381  

08 September 2021 : Clinical Research

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932788  

In Press

22 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

Ulnar Groove Plasty Guided by a 3D Printing Technique for Moderate to Severe Cubital Tunnel Syndrome Caused...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933775  

22 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

Total Fluoroscopy Time Reduction During Ultrasound- and Fluoroscopy-Guided Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliar...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933889  

22 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

Correlation Between Severity of Illness and Levels of Free Triiodothyronine, Interleukin-6, and Interleukin...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933230  

22 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

A Novel Method for the Production of an Autologous Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Catabolic Product (Cytorich) ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934365  

Most Viewed Current Articles

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750