Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 December 2009

The effect of antibacterial acting extracorporeal shockwaves on bacterial cell integrity

Carsten HornABCDEF, Karin MengeleBD, Ludger GerdesmeyerDG, Reiner GradingerG, Hans GollwitzerADFG

Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(12): BR364-369 :: ID: 878272


Antibacterial effects of extracorporeal shockwaves (ESWs) have been demonstrated in vitro against bacteria under static and dynamic growth conditions. This study assessed the effects of ESWs on the cell wall integrity of bacteria.
Material and Method
Standardized suspensions of Staphylococcus aureus were exposed to various shockwave impulses (2000-12,000) of different energy flux densities (EFD, 0.38-0.96 mJ/mm(2)). Bacterial suspensions of equal concentration that had been permeabilized (to >99%) with isopropanol were used as positive controls. The bacteria of all groups were stained with Sytox Green nucleic acid stain. The fluorescence of the shockwave-treated, permeabilized, and untreated suspensions was measured and compared for bacterial survival, quantified by colony-forming units after plating.
Although ESWs showed a significant energy-dependent antibacterial effect that reduced CFUs in the treated suspensions by between 56% and 99%, only maximum energies (4000 impulses at 0.96 mJ/mm(2) and 12,000 impulses at 0.59 mJ/mm(2)) were followed by a significant increase in fluorescence compared with the untreated control (p<0.05). However, the fluorescence of these treated groups was still far less than that of the alcohol-permeabilized positive control groups (p<0.05). Lower energies and impulse rates did not show increased intracellular uptake of the fluorescent dye (p>0.05).
This is the first study to assess bacterial cell wall permeability after ESW treatment. It was found that the permeabilization of bacterial cells after ESW treatment was far less than expected due to the corresponding antibacterial effect. Other mechanisms, such as intracellular effects, might be involved in bacterial killing after ESWs and still must be elucidated.

Keywords: Microscopy, Electron, Scanning, High-Energy Shock Waves - therapeutic use, Colony Count, Microbial, Cell Wall - physiology, Cell Membrane Permeability, Staphylococcus aureus - ultrastructure



01 May 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937048

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048


24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Screening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936962  

04 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069  

27 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936547

In Press

25 May 2022 : Review article  

Narrative Review of the Mechanism of Hip Prosthesis Dislocation and Methods to Reduce the Risk of Dislocation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935665  

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Remimazolam Tosilate Sedation with Adjuvant Sufentanil in Chinese Patients with Liver Cirrhosis Undergoing ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936580  

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Screening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936962  

23 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Fully Automatic Knee Joint Segmentation and Quantitative Analysis for Osteoarthritis from Magnetic Resonanc...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936733  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750