Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

23 April 2009

Evidence for vestibular processing in the caudal fastigial nucleus using vector addition

Hans-Georg SchlosserABCDEFG, Wolfgang O. GuldinCDEFG

Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(5): MT69-76 :: ID: 869630

Abstract

Background
While strong vestibular input to the fastigial nucleus has been demonstrated, little is known on how this is integrated in the oculomotor region of the caudal area of fastigial nucleus. In this study, single units in the caudal region of the fastigial nucleus were recorded in the rat, while applying sinusoidal galvanic stimuli to the labyrinths.
Material and Method
The left and right labyrinths were polarized with either monaural or binaural sinusoidal stimuli (0.5 hertz), with stimulus phase shifts between right and left in 90 degrees steps (90 degrees, 180 degrees, 270 degrees, 360 degrees). The study describes the interaction and integration between the information of both labyrinths in the caudal fastigial nucleus.
Results
In 23 neurons, the relationship between input (galvanic stimuli to the labyrinths) and output (neuronal discharge) was analyzed for a series of stimuli (102 recordings in total). During monaural stimulation, phase shifts greater than 45 degrees were observed in 14 of 23 neurons (60.9%) during stimulation to the left and right labyrinths. To explain this phenomenon and the previously observed tuning characteristics in the fastigial nucleus, the neuronal responses were regarded as vectors. Thus, the observed response for binaural stimulation appeared to correspond to a vector addition of the left and right vestibular afferents. Of the 23 neurons, 14 neurons (60.9%) indicated a difference between predicted and measured values of less than 14.1 degrees.
Conclusions
The findings support a working model based on vector addition of vestibular afferents in the caudal fastigial nucleus.

Keywords: Vestibule, Labyrinth - physiology, Acoustic Stimulation

0 Comments

Editorial

01 May 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937048

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

16 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Importance of Influenza Anti-Hemagglutinin Antibodies During the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic in the 2019/2020 Epide...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936495  

04 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069  

22 April 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936547  

27 April 2022 : Meta-Analysis  

Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Serum Vitamin D Levels in People Under Age 18 Years: A Systematic Review...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935823  

In Press

17 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Clinical Application of C-TIRADS Category and Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in Differential Diagnosis of Sol...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936368  

17 May 2022 : Laboratory Research  

Artificial Dermal Scaffold Loaded with Platelet-Rich Plasma Promotes Wound Healing in Pigs by Favoring Angi...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936186  

16 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Early Enteral Nutrition Can Reduce Incidence of Postoperative Hydrocephalus in Patients with Severe Hyperte...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935850  

16 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Importance of Influenza Anti-Hemagglutinin Antibodies During the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic in the 2019/2020 Epide...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936495  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750