01 July 2008
Changes in immunoreactivity of orexin-A-positive neurons after intravenous lipopolysaccharide injectionSofia V PerekrestABCDEF, Taissia V AbramovaABCDEF, Nataliya S NovikovaABCDEF, Yurii V LoskutovBCDEF, Vernon J RogersEFG, Elena A KornevaDEFG
Med Sci Monit 2008; 14(7): BR127-133 :: ID: 863658
Orexins are neuromediators that help regulate many different physiological processes; however, their role in regulating immune system functioning is unclear. This study sought to investigate the distribution of orexin in hypothalamic orexin-containing neurons during the first 6 hours after an intravenous injection of a lipopolysaccharide.
Material and Method
Orexin-containing neurons were detected by immunohistochemistry (avidin-biotin) on frontal sections from the brains of intact rats and rats after injections of either saline or lipopolysaccharide.
Analysis of immunohistochemically stained sections (levels 26-32 according to Swanson's atlas) revealed that the main pool of orexin-containing neurons was located at brain levels 28 to 30. No changes were shown in the number of orexin-containing neurons in the hypothalamus of intact animals at different times of a day. Visualization of orexin-containing neurons in the lateral hypothalamus decreased only in 6 hours after an injection of lipopolysaccharide (500 microg/kg body weight) at levels 28, 29, and 30 of the rat brain; this might have been the result of changes in the balance of orexin synthesis and utilization.
These data suggest that orexin-containing neurons play a role in complex reactions in the brain to lipopolysaccharide application.
Keywords: Neuropeptides - immunology, Rats, Wistar, Neurons - immunology, Lipopolysaccharides - pharmacology, Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins - immunology, Injections, Intravenous, Rats, Hypothalamic Area, Lateral - drug effects, Animals
This Week Editorial
20 September 2021 : EditorialEditorial: Autoantibodies to Components of the Immune System, Including Type 1 Interferons, and the Risk of Severe COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e934766
22 September 2021 : EditorialEditorial: Global Regulatory Initiatives Deliver Accelerated Approval of the First Bispecific Therapeutic M...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934854
08 September 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932788
16 July 2021 : Review articleSilent Hypoxemia in Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Review
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.930776
24 Sep 2021 : Database AnalysisRelationships Between Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Disease: A Bibliometric Analysis (2010-2021)
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933448
24 Sep 2021 : Database AnalysisA Statistical Prediction Model for Survival After Kidney Transplantation from Deceased Donors
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933559
24 Sep 2021 : Clinical ResearchValue of Ocular Endoscopy in Extraction of Intraocular Foreign Bodies of Cilia in Patients with Open Ocular...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932970
20 Mar 2020 : Clinical ResearchSocial Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921
15 Apr 2020 : Clinical ResearchPsychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171
05 May 2020 : Review articleAn Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700