Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 April 2008

Weekly infusional high-dose 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin and biweekly cisplatin: A convenient treatment option in advanced gastric cancer

Yulia Kundel, Ofer Purim, Arie Figer, Salomon M. Stemmer, Thomas Tichler, Jaqueline Sulkes, Aaron Sulkes, Baruch Brenner

Med Sci Monit 2008; 14(4): CR190-195 :: ID: 850286


Background: To summarize our experience using a regimen of weekly 5-FU and leucovorin (LV) and biweekly cisplatin (CDDP) in advanced gastric cancer (AGC).
Material/Methods: Patients had previously untreated histologically confirmed AGC. Treatment consisted of intravenous weekly infusional 5-FU and LV and biweekly CDDP, given for 6 weeks followed by a 2-week rest. Initially, a lower dose level was used (5-FU 2000 mg/m2, LV 500 mg/m[sup]2[/sup], CDDP 40 mg/m[sup]2[/sup]), which was later increased (5-FU 2600 mg/m[sup]2[/sup], LV 500 mg/m[sup]2[/sup], CDDP 50 mg/m[sup]2[/sup]).
Results: Forty-five patients were treated, 18 at the lower dose level and 27 at the higher dose level. The median age was 67 years and 55% were male. Grade ≥3 toxicity was documented in 37% of patients but toxicity related hospitalizations or treatment discontinuation occurred in only 22% and 13%, respectively. There were no toxic deaths. The most common hematological toxicities were anemia and neutropenia and the most common non-hematological toxicities were nausea, vomiting and fatigue. Of the 39 patients evaluable for response, 13 (33%) had partial response (PR) and 11 (28%) had stable disease (SD). Control of disease (PR+SD) was achieved in 61%. The higher dose level was associated with a higher response rate (p=0.07) and an increased toxicity (p=0.01), mostly hematological and gastrointestinal. Median progression-free survival and overall survival were 3.5 and 9.2 months, respectively.
Conclusions:This regimen appears safe, with a manageable toxicity profile. Efficacy data resemble those reported for more complex and toxic regimens. The higher dose level had enhanced activity, at the expense of increased toxicity.

Keywords: Fluorouracil - therapeutic use, Time Factors, Survival Rate, Neoplasm Staging, Leucovorin - therapeutic use, Infusions, Intravenous, Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Disease Progression, Cisplatin - therapeutic use, Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols - therapeutic use, Aged, 80 and over



01 May 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937048

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048


24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Screening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936962  

04 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069  

27 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936547

In Press

27 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prognostic Significance of Preoperative Integrated Liver Inflammatory Score in Patients with Hepatocellular...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937005  

25 May 2022 : Review article  

Narrative Review of the Mechanism of Hip Prosthesis Dislocation and Methods to Reduce the Risk of Dislocation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935665  

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Remimazolam Tosilate Sedation with Adjuvant Sufentanil in Chinese Patients with Liver Cirrhosis Undergoing ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936580  

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Screening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936962  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750