Logo MSM

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo MSM Logo MSM Logo MSM

29 January 2008

Expression of integrin alpha v beta 6 in rats with ventilator-induced lung injury and the attenuating effect of synthesized peptide S247

Qingping WuABCDEFG, Ping GuiABCDEF, Shanglong YaoAEG, Huiyun XiangAEF

Med Sci Monit 2008; 14(2): BR41-48 :: ID: 734748


High tidal volume ventilation can cause inflammatory reaction in lungs. Integrins are associated with regulating lung inflammation and edema following acute lung injury. Integrin alpha v beta 6 expression in ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) and the ability of the RGD-peptidomimetic agent S247 to attenuate VILI in rats were investigated.
Material and Method
Eighteen adult male rats were assigned to three groups: controls (C: n=6) with no ventilation; high tidal volume lung ventilation (H: n=6); and such ventilation after treatment with S247 (HS: n=6). HS was injected with 50 mg/kg S247 18 h before and then i.p injection every 3 h until the start of ventilation. The others received saline. Assessed were lung histopathology, wet-to-dry weight ratios, total protein content, white blood cell (WBC) counts, macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) concentrations in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and integrin alpha v beta 6 mRNA and protein expression.
Wet-to-dry weight ratios and BALF WBCs and total protein content were different among the groups (p<0.01). Lung injury score and integrin alpha v beta 6 mRNA level were lower in HS than in H (p<0.01). Integrin alpha v beta 6-positive staining was mainly on alveolar walls and the immunoreactivity of HS was clearly less than in H. TNF-alpha was not detected in C and was significantly lower in HS than in H (p<0.05). MIP-2 concentration in H was higher than in C and HS (p<0.01).
Pretreatment with S247 attenuated VILI, suggesting pulmonary epithelial integrins are involved in its pathogenesis and agents such as S247 may be useful in treating it.

Keywords: Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Respiration, Artificial - adverse effects, RNA, Messenger - metabolism, Rats, Organic Chemicals - pharmacology, Oligopeptides - agonists, Lung Injury, Leukocyte Count, Lung - metabolism, Integrins - metabolism, Gene Expression - drug effects, DNA Primers - genetics, Cytokines - metabolism, Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid - cytology, Base Sequence, Antigens, Neoplasm - metabolism, Animals


Weekly Editorial

27 September 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: Global Regulatory Initiatives Deliver Accelerated Approval of the First Bispecific Therapeutic Monoclonal Antibody for Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934854

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e934854


08 September 2021 : Clinical Research

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932788  

16 July 2021 : Review article

Silent Hypoxemia in Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.930776  

09 July 2021 : Database Analysis

A Simple Clinical Prediction Tool for COVID-19 in Primary Care with Epidemiology: Temperature-Leukocytes-CT...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.931467  

In Press

27 Sep 2021 : Clinical Research

Effect of Combined Thoracic Paravertebral Block and General Anesthesia vs General Anesthesia Alone on Posto...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933623  

24 Sep 2021 : Clinical Research

A Single-Center Study of a Resin Inlay Dental Implant-Fixed Prosthesis for Closing Proximal Contact Loss in...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933809  

24 Sep 2021 : Database Analysis

Relationships Between Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Disease: A Bibliometric Analysis (2010-2021)

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933448  

24 Sep 2021 : Database Analysis

A Statistical Prediction Model for Survival After Kidney Transplantation from Deceased Donors

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933559  

Most Viewed Current Articles

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750