Felix Zeifang, Michael Grunze, Gunter Delling, Helga Lorenz, Christian Heisel, Georgios Tosounidis, Desiderius Sabo, Hans-Georg Simank, Joerg H. Holstein
Med Sci Monit 2008; 14(2): BR35-40
Available online: 2008-01-29
Clinical success of bone implants is critically related to the interaction between the implant surface and the surrounding tissue. The polymer poly(bis(trifluoroethoxy)phosphazene) (PTFEP) is a promising, highly biocompatible surface coating which also inhibits the adsorption of granulocytes, macrophages, inflammatory cells, bacteria, and platelets. However, there is limited clinical experience of PTFEP as a coating for bone implants. Therefore PTFEP-coated titanium implants in an animal model were examined.
Material and Method: PTFEP-coated titanium cylinders were implanted into the lateral femoral condyles of rabbits. Osseointegration was examined six weeks and six months after implantation using a non-destructive mechanical pull-out measurement and a histological analysis.
Results: The results indicate improved osseointegration of PTFEP-coated implants. Six weeks after implantation, the PTFEP-coated implants showed a higher stiffness (pull-out length [pol]=7.1+/-2.0 microm) compared with uncoated cylinders (pol=10.2+/-3.4 microm, p<0.05). Six months after implantation, the mechanical properties of both implants had adjusted, and histological analysis revealed an increased bone-implant interface of PTFEP-coated cylinders compared with the first 6 weeks (17.5% vs. 8.2% in controls, p<0.05).
Conclusions: Taken together, the results of this preliminary study indicate promising applications of PTFEP as a coating material for bone implants.
Keywords: Time Factors, Titanium, Rabbits, Polymers, Prostheses and Implants, Organophosphorus Compounds, Osseointegration - physiology, Materials Testing, Femur - surgery, Coated Materials, Biocompatible, Biomechanical Phenomena, Animals