Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

CD4/CD8 lymphocytes in BALF during the efferent phase of lung delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction induced by single antigen inhalation

Hanna Grubek-Jaworska, Grażyna Hoser, Paweł Droszcz, Ryszarda Chazan

Med Sci Monit 2001; 7(5): BR878-883 :: ID: 508553

Abstract

Background: The precise mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) have not been identified. HP is characterized by inflammatory lymphocytic alveolitis and a remarkable increase in T-lymphocytes detected in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). It is suggested that both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells may contribute to the pathogenesis of HP. Experiments on animal models suggest that cell mediated immunity (CMI) is more important for the pathogenesis of HP than complex-mediated immunity, but the relationship between the subsets of BALF lymphocytes and humoral or cell-mediated allergic reactions is still not clear. The aim of our study was distinguish CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in BALF lymphocytes during a delayed--type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction in the lung.
Material and methods: The experiment was performed on guinea pigs sensitized with BCG vaccine and subjected to a single inhalation of tubercle bacilli antigens (tuberculin). 24 hours after tuberculin provocation (at the time of maximum lymphocyte infiltration), bronchoalveolar lavage was performed on both sensitized and non--sensitized (control) animals. The total cell count was estimated, and a differential microscopical examination of BAL-fluid cells was performed, along with the phenotyping of BALF lymphocytes (by flow cytometry).
Results: In the BALF of the sensitized animals, as compared to the controls, there was a statistically significant increase in the percentage and absolute count of T-lymphocytes, CD4+ and CD8+. The CD4 / CD8 ratio in both groups did not differ significantly and was individually variable (2.94±0.72 SEM in the experimental group, vs 4.41±1.29 SEM in the control group).
Conclusion: Both CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes (with some predominance of helper cells) participate in the efferent phase of the delayed type hypersensitivity reaction in the lung induced by antigen inhalation.

Keywords: hypersensitivity pneumonitis, delayed-type hypersensitivity, BALF, CD4+/CD8+, Guinea Pigs

0 Comments

Editorial

01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Scientific Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935624

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

03 December 2021 : Laboratory Research  

Influenza and Influenza-Like Respiratory Virus Infections in Children During the 2019/20 Influenza Season a...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934862  

08 November 2021 : Database Analysis  

Virtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102  

01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624

In Press

08 Dec 2021 : Review article  

A Review of Emerging Biomarkers for Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Tumors of the Gastrointestinal Tract

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935348  

07 Dec 2021 : Review article  

A Review of the Impact of Neutrophils and Neutrophil Extracellular Traps (NETs) on the Development of Aorti...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935134  

07 Dec 2021 : Review article  

Adie’s Pupil: A Diagnostic Challenge for the Physician

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934657  

06 Dec 2021 : Animal Research  

Astragalus Flavone Induces Proliferation and Differentiation of Neural Stem Cells in a Cerebral Infarction ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933830  

Most Viewed Current Articles

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research  

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article  

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750