H-Index
79
Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
JCR
Clarivate
Analytics
15%
Acceptance
Rate
call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Logo

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
AmJCaseRep

Annals
ISI-Home

eISSN: 1643-3750

Pathogenesis of ascites in cirrhosis and portal hypertension

Michael A. Heneghan, Phillip M. Harrison

Med Sci Monit 2000; 6(4): RA807-816

ID: 508235

Available online:

Published:


Disturbance of the circulatory system frequently occurs in patients with cirrhosis. Cardiac index and plasma volume increase whereas mean arterial blood pressure and systemic vascular resistance decrease. Marked disturbance in vasoconstrictor and natriuretic systems also exist with activation mediators such as plasma renin, plasma noradrenaline, antidiuretic hormone and endothelin. Renal factors contribute to the pathogenesis of ascites formation although the exact mechanisms are yet to be elucidated. Several theories exist in relation to pathogenesis although none to date fully explain all of the findings observed in clinical practice. In this review, we examine the mechanisms that contribute to the development of ascites in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension.

Keywords: Endothelin, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, hepatorenal syndrome, portal hypertension, cirrhosis



Back