Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

Administration of clemastine - H1 histamine receptor blocker in the prevention of haemodynamic disorders after protamine sulfate administration in patients subjected to coronary artery bypass grafting in extracorporeal circulation

Romuald Lango, Paweł Mroziński, Maria Wujtewicz, Janina Suchorzewska, Jan Rogowski, Mirosława Narkiewicz, Janusz Siebert

Med Sci Monit 2000; 6(4): PI769-775 :: ID: 508228

Abstract

Introduction: Adverse effects of protamine administration after CPB: fall in arterial blood pressure and pulmonary hypertension are still a source of problems. CPB and protamine administration are both accompanied by increased histamine levels in blood. The aim of this study was to examine if clemastine can accelerate the normalisation of arterial blood pressure during the protamine administration after CPB during CABG operations.
Material and methods: Fifty three patients subjected to CABG operations were studied. Control group (n=27) did not receive clemastine, Clemastine group (n=26) received 2 mg i.v. clemastine, before CPB. After CPB were completed, patients were given protamine (heparin to protamine ratio - 1:1.5) within 7 minutes, through peripheral vein. Changes in arterial blood pressure from the beginning of protamine administration to 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10, 15, and 30 minutes thereafter, as well as heart rate, CVP, doses of inotropic drugs and vasodilators were compared between the groups.
Results: No difference in heart rate, CVP, doses of inotropic drugs and vasodilators between the group was noted. An increase in arterial blood pressure 5, 7.5, 10, and 15 minutes after the beginning of the protamine administration were greater in clemastine group than in control group. Groups were comparable with regard to surgical procedures and doses of anaesthetic drugs. It is now known that protamine exerts a negative effect on cardiac contractility either through a decrease in coronary perfusion pressure (vasodilatation), or through a direct toxic effect on cardiac muscle. The administration of clemastine before CPB can reduce peripheral vasodilatation and capillary leak related to histamine release during CPB. In the clemastine group, faster increase in arterial blood pressure toward a physiologic range was observed. We conclude that administration of clemastine is connected with the normalization of ABP during and after protamine reversal of heparin coagulation during CABG operations.

Keywords: coronary surgery, H-1 blockers, Extracorporeal Circulation, protamine-reactions

Comments

Editorial

01 May 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937048

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Screening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936962  

04 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069  

27 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936547

In Press

27 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prognostic Significance of Preoperative Integrated Liver Inflammatory Score in Patients with Hepatocellular...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937005  

25 May 2022 : Review article  

Narrative Review of the Mechanism of Hip Prosthesis Dislocation and Methods to Reduce the Risk of Dislocation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935665  

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Remimazolam Tosilate Sedation with Adjuvant Sufentanil in Chinese Patients with Liver Cirrhosis Undergoing ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936580  

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Screening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936962  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750