01 October 2007
Med Sci Monit 2007; 13(10): CR457-463 :: ID: 502401
Background: The cyclin D1 gene (CCND1) is a proto-oncogene playing a critical role in the transition through the G1 to the S phase of the cell cycle and is overexpressed in many tumors. G870A polymorphism at the exon4/intron4 splicing region of the CCND1 gene may play a role in pituitary tumorigenesis and invasiveness. The objective of this study was to examine CCND1 polymorphism in patients with different types of sporadic pituitary adenomas.
Material/Methods: One hundred thirty patients (38 male, 92 female, mean age: 45.37±13.55 SD years) with sporadic pituitary adenomas (PA group) and 129 healthy controls (HC group) were included in the study. The CCND1 G870A polymorphism in PA and HC were genotyped by PCR-RFLP using peripheral blood samples. CCND1 expression was also evaluated with an immunohistochemical method in tumor tissues of 39 patients of the PA group.
Results: The genotype distribution in the PA [AA: 30 (23.1%), AG: 90 (69.2%), GG: 10 (7.7%)] was statistically different from the HC group [AA: 36 (27.9%), AG: 64 (49.6%), GG: 29 (22.5%), p=0.001]. Patients carrying the AG genotype were more frequent compared with the control group. Tumor type, volume, and invasion were not related to the genotype. Immunohistochemically, 21 of the 39 tumors showed nuclear positivity for CCND1, varying between 1 and 40% of tumor cells. Positive staining was observed more intense in patients carrying the AG genotype.
Conclusions: CCND1 polymorphism may be an early event in tumorigenesis, but it is not a reliable prognostic criterion.
Keywords: Cyclin D1 - genetics, Case-Control Studies, Gene Frequency, Genotype, Pituitary Neoplasms - pathology
01 December 2021 : EditorialEditorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624
03 December 2021 : Laboratory ResearchInfluenza and Influenza-Like Respiratory Virus Infections in Children During the 2019/20 Influenza Season a...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934862
08 November 2021 : Database AnalysisVirtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102
01 November 2021 : EditorialEditorial: What Can be Learned from National and International Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting Systems Duri...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935299
06 Dec 2021 : Animal ResearchAstragalus Flavone Induces Proliferation and Differentiation of Neural Stem Cells in a Cerebral Infarction ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933830
06 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchAlteration of Serum Metabolites in Women of Reproductive Age with Chronic Constipation
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934117
06 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchBody Composition Changes and Related Factors in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis: A Retrospective Single-Ce...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933942
Most Viewed Current Articles
20 Mar 2020 : Clinical ResearchSocial Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921
15 Apr 2020 : Clinical ResearchPsychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171
05 May 2020 : Review articleAn Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700