Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 July 1997

Analysis of diet energetical value in cystic fibrosis children

Jarosław Walkowiak, Juliusz Przysławski, Wojciech Cichy, Brygida Targońska

Med Sci Monit 1997; 3(4): CR536-541 :: ID: 501373


In cystic fibrosis patients energy balance is characterised by a certain variety related to increased energy needs and frequent occurrence of energy intake disturbances. High-energy diet (120-150% of energy daily allowance, depending on age and sex) is indispensable to adequate energy balance. The aim of the study was to estimate the value of daily food allowances in cystic fibrosis children, and to assess the degree to which the recommendations are realised. The study comprised 36 patients (25 boys and 11 girls) aged 1 to 18 years. Research was based on 24-hour nutritional questioning. The questionnaires were collected during 7 successive days. Due to existing body height and weight deficits, the calculated energy value was compared to the required and real body weight. In the case of the required body weight, patients followed the recommendations regarding energy supply for health peers in 90.3±37.3%, and in the case of the real body weight the numbers were respectively 104.0±38.5%. Great variety of individual results was observed. In order to obtain energy intake recommended for cystic fibrosis children, its value should be increased by 678±757 Kcal and 1285±898 Kcal for 120% and 150% of daily needs, respectively. In the recent years, an important improvement in the nutrition of cystic fibrosis children has been obtained in the Wielkopolska (Great Poland) region, yet the majority of patients still do not fully follow the recommendations. In the case of patients with large body weight deficit, the balancing of the diet could be started with values adequate to real body weight and gradually increased until energy values resulting from the required body weight are reached. The obtained data indicate a permanent need for daily food allowances analysis and for a correction of the performed nutritional management. High-energy and high-protein diet, nutritional education, and dietetic counselling should be recommended to all patients, followed by an intensification of the steps described above, increase in caloric density of the recommended diet, and behavioural analysis. In the case of severe nutritional condition disturbances and lack of efficiency of the previous therapy, high-energy supplements should be added, while eneteral feeding (nasogastric tube or gastrostomy) and partial or total parenteral nutrition should be taken into consideration.

Keywords: Cystic Fibrosis, Diet, energy balance



01 May 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937048

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048


16 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Importance of Influenza Anti-Hemagglutinin Antibodies During the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic in the 2019/2020 Epide...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936495  

04 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069  

22 April 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936547  

27 April 2022 : Meta-Analysis  

Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Serum Vitamin D Levels in People Under Age 18 Years: A Systematic Review...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935823  

In Press

18 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Physical and Psychosocial Concept Domains Related to Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) in 50 Girls and ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936801  

18 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Association Between Variants of the Mannose-Binding Lectin 2 Gene and Susceptibility to Sepsis in the Haina...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936134  

17 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Clinical Application of C-TIRADS Category and Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in Differential Diagnosis of Sol...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936368  

17 May 2022 : Laboratory Research  

Artificial Dermal Scaffold Loaded with Platelet-Rich Plasma Promotes Wound Healing in Pigs by Favoring Angi...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936186  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750