Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Closed: National Holiday

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

25 February 2003

Prediction of native coronary artery disease progression following PTCA or CABG in the Emory Angioplasty Versus Surgery Trial.

Xue-Qiao Zhao, Andrzej S. Kosinski, Huiman X. Barnhart, H Robert Superko, Spencer B. King III

Med Sci Monit 2003; 9(2): CR48-54 :: ID: 4762

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The natural history of atherosclerosis progression following revascularization procedures (PTCA or CABG) limits the long-term benefits of these procedures and requires continuation of risk management. MATERIAL/METHODS: Of 392 patients with multivessel disease randomized to an initial strategy of PTCA or CABG in the Emory Angioplasty Versus Surgery Trial (EAST), 298 patients (152 PTCA and 146 CABG) completed 3-year angiographic follow-up. Native coronary artery disease progression was defined as lesions with <50% diameter stenosis (%S) at baseline, measured by QCA, that increased at least 10%S to become >or=50%S during the 3-year follow-up. Major ischemic events (new Q-wave myocardial infarction, a large reversible thallium defect or additional revascularization procedures) attributed to these new lesions were determined based on the ECG ischemic changes and/or the details of the coronary anatomy. RESULTS: Of 298 patients, 53 (18%) (15% of PTCA and 21% of CABG) developed at least one significant new native coronary artery lesion. Of 136 patients with events, 19 (14%) had such events due to progression. In multivariate analysis, native coronary disease progression was independently correlated with hypertension (OR=2.4, p=0.03), ST segment depression =1mm on baseline ETT (OR=2.7, p=0.01), and percent of small LDL particles (LDL IIIa-IVb) (OR=1.2 for every 5% increase, p=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In EAST, the native CAD progression accounted for one in seven major ischemic episodes over a 3-year follow-up. Patients with metabolic atherogenic risk profiles were more likely to have disease progression. These findings indicate the importance of more aggressive risk factor modification following revascularization.

Keywords: Angiography, Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary, Coronary Arteriosclerosis - physiopathology, Coronary Arteriosclerosis - surgery, Coronary Arteriosclerosis - therapy, Coronary Artery Bypass, Disease Progression, Lipoproteins, LDL - blood, Lipoproteins, LDL - chemistry, Myocardial Ischemia - physiopathology, Particle Size, Risk Factors

0 Comments

Editorial

01 January 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Patients

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

11 January 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Remote Questionnaire-Based Study to Compare Alcohol Use in 1030 Final-Year High School Students in Split-...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935567  

08 November 2021 : Database Analysis  

Virtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102  

31 December 2021 : Clinical Research  

A Prospective Observational Study of 42 Patients with COVID-19 infection and a History of Hepatitis C Virus...

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935075

30 December 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

In Press

17 Jan 2022 : Clinical Research  

Unveiling the Differences in Biological Properties of Dental Pulp Stem Cells from Normal and Inflamed Pulp:...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934511  

14 Jan 2022 : Database Analysis  

Identification of Key Genes Associated with Brain Metastasis from Breast Cancer: A Bioinformatics Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935071  

13 Jan 2022 : Review article  

A Review of Current Clinical Concepts in the Pathophysiology, Etiology, Diagnosis, and Management of Hyperc...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935821  

13 Jan 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Cerebral Microbleeds on Cognitive Function and Quality of Life in Parkinson Disease

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935026  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

05 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research  

The Effects of Social Support on Sleep Quality of Medical Staff Treating Patients with Coronavirus Disease ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923549

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923549

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750