25 February 2003
Med Sci Monit 2003; 9(2): CR73-78 :: ID: 4758
BACKGROUND: Although the temporalis fascia has been widely used since 1957as a graft in tympanoplasty, it can eventually become thin and atrophic. In addition, due to the lack of elasticity and resistance to pressure changes in the external ear canal, secondary perforations may also develop. Therefore, several authors have suggested that temporalis fascia should be strengthened by periosteum or replaced by cartilage. MATERIAL/METHODS: In the present paper the term chondrotympanoplasty is introduced to describe modified techniques of cartilage graft tympanoplasty and intratympanal chondroplasties. These techniques were used in 76 patients who were prospectively followed up for two years post-operatively. RESULTS: In type I chondrotympanoplasty, the mean pre-operative air-bone gap was reduced from 20 dB to 8 dB at 2000 Hz. In 93% of these cases the cartilage graft was taken without problems and there was no perforation in the new eardrum. In two cases of type I chondrotympanoplasty who experienced acute post-operative otitis media, the cartilage graft was found to be relatively resistant to infection, as only a pinhole perforation was noted. Type III chondrotympanoplasty with endotympanic chondroplasty (intratympanal tubal chondroplasty and intratympanal stapes chondroplasty) was found to give good aeration in the cavity, an intact new eardrum, and remarkable hearing results, reducing the mean pre-operative air-bone gap from 25 dB to 10 dB at 2000 Hz. CONCLUSIONS: Cartilage was found to be an excellent graft material and the described chondrotympanoplasties gave very promising results. Cartilage should be used more widely in tympanoplasty (chondrotympanoplasty).
Keywords: Cartilage - transplantation, Tympanic Membrane - surgery, Tympanoplasty - methods
27 September 2021 : EditorialEditorial: Global Regulatory Initiatives Deliver Accelerated Approval of the First Bispecific Therapeutic Monoclonal Antibody for Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e934854
08 September 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932788
16 July 2021 : Review articleSilent Hypoxemia in Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Review
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.930776
09 July 2021 : Database AnalysisA Simple Clinical Prediction Tool for COVID-19 in Primary Care with Epidemiology: Temperature-Leukocytes-CT...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.931467
24 Sep 2021 : Clinical ResearchA Single-Center Study of a Resin Inlay Dental Implant-Fixed Prosthesis for Closing Proximal Contact Loss in...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933809
24 Sep 2021 : Database AnalysisRelationships Between Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Disease: A Bibliometric Analysis (2010-2021)
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933448
24 Sep 2021 : Database AnalysisA Statistical Prediction Model for Survival After Kidney Transplantation from Deceased Donors
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933559
Most Viewed Current Articles
20 Mar 2020 : Clinical ResearchSocial Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921
15 Apr 2020 : Clinical ResearchPsychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171
05 May 2020 : Review articleAn Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700