Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

23 April 2003

The structural abnormality of myeloma immunoglobulins tested by Congo red binding.

Paweł Spólnik, Barbara Piekarska, Barbara Stopa, Leszek Konieczny, Grzegorz Zemanek, Janina Rybarska, Marcin Król, Mateusz Nowak, Irena Roterman

Med Sci Monit 2003; 9(4): BR145-153 :: ID: 4702


BACKGROUND: Frequently observed structural deviations of myeloma-derived immunoglobulins affect polypeptide chain packing and domain stability, enhancing their tendency to aggregate, with all the clinical consequences. Congo red complexation with myeloma immunoglobulins is proposed in this work as a general test to disclose the instability of these proteins. The large ribbon-like supramolecular ligands of Congo red form complexes with proteins by adhesion to ß-conformation polypeptide chains, if allowed to make contact with their backbone interfaces. This can occur in the case of myeloma-derived immunoglobulins with deficient polypeptide chain packing. MATERIAL/METHODS: Specially adapted two-dimensional agarose electrophoresis of serum proteins, which allows the transient contact of Congo red and serum proteins during migration, was used to reveal the presence of protein components amenable to ligand penetration and binding. The combination of electrophoresis and Congo red binding to proteins permits the removal of loosely attached dye and evaluation of the effective complexation properties of the immunoglobulin fraction directly in the serum. RESULTS: Comparative studies of dye complexation with two L chains having different reactivities with Congo red confirmed that dye binding depended on protein instability in the conditions used. Myeloma proteins revealed different binding capabilities in the test used here. CONCLUSIONS: The complexes formed by the supramolecular dye Congo red with myeloma immunoglobulins differ in stability. Those of high stability indicate the abnormal protein structure thought to produce clinical symptoms. This work proposes an easy technique to differentiate the stability of complexes.

Keywords: Coloring Agents - metabolism, Congo Red - metabolism, Immunoglobulin lambda-Chains - chemistry, Myeloma Proteins - chemistry



01 November 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: What Can be Learned from National and International Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting Systems During the COVID-19 Pandemic?

Dinah V. Parums
Scientific Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935299

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935299


26 November 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935624  

08 November 2021 : Database Analysis  

Virtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102  

25 November 2021 : Clinical Research  

Use of Monoclonal Antibodies Therapy for Treatment of Mild to Moderate COVID-19 in 4 Patients with Rheumato...

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e934267

In Press

26 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Serum Uric Acid Levels in Relation to Atrial Fibrillation: A Case-Control Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934007  

26 Nov 2021 : Database Analysis  

Network Pharmacology Integrated Molecular Docking Revealed the Mechanism of Jianpi Yiqi Taohua Decoction Ag...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933537  

26 Nov 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935624  

26 Nov 2021 : Review article  

A Review of Circulating Tumor DNA in the Diagnosis and Monitoring of Esophageal Cancer

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934106  

Most Viewed Current Articles

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research  

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article  

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750