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01 August 2006

Focal lesions in the ultrasonographic examination of the spleen as a symptom of various disease statuses: Literature survey and case descriptions

Dariusz Woszczyk, Aleksandra Kołodziej-Jaskuła, Joanna Mykała-Cieśla, Anna Bal, Krzysztof Łabuzek, Teresa Gasińska

Med Sci Monit 2006; 12(8): CS67-73 :: ID: 452862

Abstract

Background:Ultrasonography (US) is an easy and non-invasive technique of visualizing spleen. Thanks to its repeatability, it plays an important role in the diagnostics of, among others, developmental anomalies, such as supernumerary or lobated spleens, as well as focal lesions. It is also used in monitoring the size of the spleen and it considerably facilitates diagnosis after certain injuries. Thanks to the application of the Doppler method, it also facilitates the diagnostics of pathologies within the spleen’s vessels.

Case Reports:This paper presents six different cases of focal lesions in the spleen, including lesions in the course of histiocytosis, in the course of sarcoidosis, as well as isolated abscesses of the spleen. The authors also present the case of a spleen with numerous metastatic lesions, the case of a near-splenic cyst, and the case of asymptomatic focal lesions of unknown origin. In all the presented cases, the lesions were accidentally revealed during ultrasonographic examination, which was the starting point for further diagnostics.

Conclusions:Though rare, morphologic lesions in the spleen should always be taken into consideration when performing a routine ultrasonographic examination of the abdominal cavity, and the organ itself should not be ignored. US is a widely available, noninvasive, and useful method for diagnosing splenic abnormalities, including focal changes.

Keywords: Adolescent, Spleen - ultrasonography, Splenic Diseases - ultrasonography

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750