Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 August 2006

N-acetylcysteine ameliorates methotrexate-induced oxidative liver damage in rats

Ali Cetinkaya, Ertan Bulbuloglu, Ergul Belge Kurutas, Bulent Kantarceken

Med Sci Monit 2006; 12(8): BR274-278 :: ID: 452849

Abstract

Background:Methotrexate (MTX), a folic acid antagonist, is widely used as a cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agent for malignancies as well as in the treatment of various inflammatory diseases. The efficacy of this agent is often limited by severe side effects and toxic conditions. The present study was undertaken to determine whether N-acetylcysteine (NAC), as a potent antioxidant compound, could ameliorate MTX-induced oxidative liver damage.

Material/Methods: A single dose of MTX (20 mg/kg, intraperitoneal) to rats was followed by intraperitoneal saline or NAC administration (150 mg/kg, MTX + NAC group) for the next 5 days. On the fifth day the rats were sacrificed and liver tissue samples were obtained and stored to measure reduced glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and myeloperoxidase (MPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) activity.

Results: MTX caused decreased GSH level and SOD and CAT activity and increased MDA level and MPO activity in the liver homogenates. These changes were significantly reversed by NAC treatment.

Conclusions:These results confirm that administration of NAC decreases MTX-induced oxidative damage to the liver. These data indicate that NAC may be of therapeutic use in preventing hepatotoxicity in patients receiving MTX treatment.

Keywords: Animals, Acetylcysteine - pharmacology, drug-induced liver injury, Glutathione - metabolism, Liver - metabolism, Methotrexate - toxicity, Oxidants - metabolism, Oxidative Stress, Rats, Rats, Wistar

0 Comments

Editorial

01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Scientific Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935624

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

03 December 2021 : Laboratory Research  

Influenza and Influenza-Like Respiratory Virus Infections in Children During the 2019/20 Influenza Season a...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934862  

08 November 2021 : Database Analysis  

Virtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102  

01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624

In Press

06 Dec 2021 : Animal Research  

Astragalus Flavone Induces Proliferation and Differentiation of Neural Stem Cells in a Cerebral Infarction ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933830  

06 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Alteration of Serum Metabolites in Women of Reproductive Age with Chronic Constipation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934117  

06 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Body Composition Changes and Related Factors in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis: A Retrospective Single-Ce...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933942  

03 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

A Retrospective Single-Center Study of 23 Patients to Compare Gait Before and After Total Hip Arthroplasty ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934558  

Most Viewed Current Articles

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research  

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article  

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750