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Management of hyperlipidemia: new LDL-C targets for persons at high-risk forcardiovascular events.

Med Sci Monit 2006; 12(2): RA34-39

ID: 445258

Available online: 2006-02-01

Published: 2006-02-01

Coronary heart disease (CHD) remains the leading cause of mortality inthe United States, and is associated with significant health care costs. Current evidence overwhelminglyconfirms the role of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosisand the risk of CHD events. The approach to the management of hyperlipidemia has evolved dramaticallyover the past decade. Randomized clinical trails have provided strong evidence that lowering plasma cholesterolwith statins reduces the risk of cardiovascular events, particularly in high-risk patients, irrespectiveof baseline cholesterol levels. The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) report was releasedin July 2004. The report examined the results of recently concluded clinical trials and provided consensusrecommendations on the management of hyperlipidemia. The report expands on the core content of the previouslypublished guidelines. However, it is by far the most aggressive approach to date for reducing CHD risk.A focal element of the report is the modification of LDL-C goal in high-risk patients to

Keywords: Cholesterol, LDL - blood, Cardiovascular Diseases - prevention & control, Azetidines - administration & dosage, Cholestyramine Resin - administration & dosage, Clofibric Acid - administration & dosage, Drug Therapy, Combination, Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors - therapeutic use, Hyperlipidemias - therapy, Hypolipidemic Agents - therapeutic use, Life Style, Niacin - administration & dosage, Risk Factors