Renata Kuczyńska, Mieczysława Czerwionka-Szaflarska
Med Sci Monit 2001; 7(1): CR116-120
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence of primaryvesicoureteral reflux in siblings of children with reflux.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-four subjectsaged 2-6, the siblings of children with reflux were examined. Our methods included: urinalysis, urinecultures, ultrasound examination of abdominal cavity in all the examined subjects. Voiding cystographywas conducted in selected cases.
RESULTS: Primary vesicoureteral reflux was found in the total of 10%of the siblings of children with reflux. The incidence of reflux was the highest in the youngest agegroup.
CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of primary vesicoureteral reflux in the siblings of affected childrenbeing at least ten times higher than population risk supports the necessity of screening in this group.
Keywords: Vesicoureteral reflux, children, children, Siblings