Anna Stelmaszczyk-Emmel, Iwona Malinowska, Maria Wasik, Roma Rokicka-Milewska
Med Sci Monit 2002; 8(6): CR441-447
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study was to determine whether spontaneousand post-initial therapy apoptosis indexes (AI) and the intracellular pH of blasts have prognostic valuein the treatment of children with acute leukemia.MATERIAL/METHODS: Blasts from 38 children with acuteleukemia (31 with ALL and 7 with AML) were tested for apoptotic index (Annexin V) and intracellular pH(SNARF). Of the ALL patients, 9 were low risk, 7 medium risk, and 15 high risk. Among the AML patients,1 was low risk and 6 were high risk. Follow-up ranged from 6 to 120 weeks (median 60 weeks).RESULTS:The mean spontaneous AI was 19 +/-16%. The pH of leukemic blasts before treatment varied between 6.6and 7.9 (mean 7.2 +/- 0.5). For patients < 10 years old, the markers for good prognosis were a WBC countbelow 50 x 10(3)/microml, good response to prednisone therapy at day 8, and remission at or before day33. Univariate analysis showed that pH < 7 had favorable prognostic significance. Overall, the probabilityof EFS for patients with pH < 7 was 1.0, as opposed to 0.49 for those with pH > 7 (p=0.049, n=36). Theprobability of EFS for patients with AI below the median was not significantly different from those withAI above the median (0.4 vs 1.0, NS).CONCLUSIONS: The assessment of intracellular pH in blasts may bean important prognosticator for ALL patients. Children with low spontaneous AI or high pH of leukemicblasts appear to have an unfavorable prognosis.
Keywords: Child, Child, Preschool, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Acute, L1, Leukemia, Myelocytic, Acute, Prognosis, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov