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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
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eISSN: 1643-3750

The paper presents a case of severe sepsis in the course of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, not described in the literature so far, as well as the first successful administration of activated protein C in 21-day pregnancy

Constanza Castillo, Antonio Baquerizo, Patricio Rodríguez, Juan Carlos Rodríguez, Gary Iwamoto

Med Sci Monit 2005; 11(6): CS33-35

ID: 16512

Available online:

Published: 2005-06-01


Summary
Background: This case report describes the unusual appearance of simultaneous left, primary, spontaneous pneumothorax in identical twins in Temuco, Chile.
Case Report: Bullectomy and abrasive pleurodesis by video-assisted thoracoscopy was performed on one of the twins. The second twin was observed conservatively. Both were nonsmokers and had normal alfa 1
antitripsine values and identical human leukocyte antigen haplotypes. Contralateral pneumothorax occurred in the twin treated by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery after three years, and ipsilateral
pneumothorax occurred in the second twin after two years.
Conclusions: Neither the conservative nor the invasive treatment by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery avoided recurrence. The inheritance of familial spontaneous pneumothorax is not well known. Autosomal dominant and recessive inheritance were proposed, but not proven, and an association with human leukocyte antigen haplotypes is uncertain. Further studies are needed to know the mode of
inheritance.

Keywords: Pneumothorax - diagnosis, Pneumothorax - therapy, Adolescent, Diseases in Twins, Functional Laterality, Pneumothorax - therapy, Twins, Monozygotic



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