09 September 2002
Med Sci Monit 2002; 8(9): RA210-215 :: ID: 13511
Reactive oxygen species, such as superoxide radicals, are thought to underlie the pathogenesis of various diseases. Almost 3 to 10% of the oxygen utilized by tissues is converted to its reactive intermediates, which impair the functioning of cells and tissues. Superoxide dismutase
(SOD) catalyzes the conversion of single electron reduced species of molecular oxygen to hydrogen peroxide and oxygen. There are several classes of SOD that differ in their metal binding ability, distribution in different cell compartments, and sensitivity to various reagents. Among these, Cu, Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) is widely distributed and comprises 90% of the total SOD. This ubiquitous enzyme, which requires Cu and Zn for its activity, has great
physiological significance and therapeutic potential. The present review describes the role of SODs, especially Cu, Zn SOD, in several diseases, such as familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS), Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, dengue fever, cancer, Down’s syndrome, cataract, and several neurological disorders. Mutations in the SOD1 gene cause a familial form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The mechanism by which mutant SOD1 causes the
degeneration of motor neurons is not well understood. Transgenic mice expressing multiple copies of FALS-mutant SOD1s develop an ALS-like motor neuron disease. Vacuolar degeneration of mitochondria has been identified as the main pathological feature associated with
motor neuron death and paralysis in several lines of FALS-SOD1 mice. Various observations and conclusions linking mutant SOD1 and FALS are discussed in this review in detail.
Keywords: Alzheimer Disease - enzymology, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis - enzymology, Free Radicals, Oxidative Stress, Parkinson Disease - enzymology, Superoxide Dismutase - metabolism, Superoxide Dismutase - physiology
01 December 2021 : EditorialEditorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624
03 December 2021 : Laboratory ResearchInfluenza and Influenza-Like Respiratory Virus Infections in Children During the 2019/20 Influenza Season a...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934862
08 November 2021 : Database AnalysisVirtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102
01 November 2021 : EditorialEditorial: What Can be Learned from National and International Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting Systems Duri...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935299
06 Dec 2021 : Animal ResearchAstragalus Flavone Induces Proliferation and Differentiation of Neural Stem Cells in a Cerebral Infarction ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933830
06 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchAlteration of Serum Metabolites in Women of Reproductive Age with Chronic Constipation
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934117
06 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchBody Composition Changes and Related Factors in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis: A Retrospective Single-Ce...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933942
Most Viewed Current Articles
20 Mar 2020 : Clinical ResearchSocial Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921
15 Apr 2020 : Clinical ResearchPsychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171
05 May 2020 : Review articleAn Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700