01 October 2004
Med Sci Monit 2004; 10(10): PI105-109 :: ID: 11789
Background:An emerging body of literature has recently defined a reduced risk of cancer following the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which are generally able to exert an apoptotic property and inhibitory effects on the activity and/or expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). This study was undertaken to explore the role of a newly designed NSAID, M2000 (C[sub]6[/sub]H[sub]10[/sub]O[sub]7[/sub]), as an anti-inflammatory drug in chemoprevention therapy under in vitro conditions.Material/Methods: The influence of M2000 on a fibrosarcoma cell line (WEHI-164) was investigated using an in vitro cytotoxicity assay, terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay to assess apoptosis, and gelatin zymography for evaluating the activity of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2).Results: Cytotoxicity analysis of M2000 showed a much higher tolerability than the other tested drugs (diclofenac, piroxicam, and dexamethasone) in that it showed no cytotoxic effect compared with them. The dose-dependent inhibitory effect of M2000 at concentrations of 20, 40, 80, and 200 µg/ml was significantly greater than that of dexamethasone and of piroxicam at a concentration of 200 µg/ml, whereas the inhibitory activity of M2000 paralleled diclofenac at doses of 10, 20, 40, and 200 µg/ml. Moreover, the apoptotic efficacy of M2000 was similar to that of dexamethasone.Conclusions: Based on our data, the induction of apoptosis together with MMP-2 inhibition could be indicative of a chemopreventive property of M2000. Thus this novel NSAID might be considered as a chemopreventive drug in the potential prevention and treatment of cancer and in inhibition of the angiopathogenic process.
Keywords: Anti-Inflammatory Agents - pharmacology, Antineoplastic Agents - pharmacology, Fibrosarcoma - enzymology, Fibrosarcoma - pathology, Fibrosarcoma - prevention & control, Hydrocarbons - pharmacology, Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 - metabolism, Mice, Anti-Inflammatory Agents - pharmacology, Antineoplastic Agents - pharmacology, Fibrosarcoma - prevention & control, Hydrocarbons - pharmacology, Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 - metabolism
01 May 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048
04 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069
22 April 2022 : Clinical ResearchFactors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936547
25 May 2022 : Review articleNarrative Review of the Mechanism of Hip Prosthesis Dislocation and Methods to Reduce the Risk of Dislocation
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935665
24 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchRemimazolam Tosilate Sedation with Adjuvant Sufentanil in Chinese Patients with Liver Cirrhosis Undergoing ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936580
Most Viewed Current Articles
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
01 Nov 2020 : Review articleLong-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996