01 September 2004
Med Sci Monit 2004; 10(9): RA215-229 :: ID: 11749
Cerebral tuberculosis or tuberculosis of the brain manifests predominantly as tuberculous meningitis followed by tuberculoma, tuberculous abscess, and other concomitant forms such as cerebral miliary tuberculosis, tuberculous encephalopathy, tuberculous encephalitis, and tuberculous arteritis. Different forms of cerebral tuberculosis are mainly caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and also by non-tuberculous mycobacteria such as M. avium-intracellulare in human immunodeficiency virus-infected persons. Cerebral tuberculosis is diagnosed based on clinical features, cerebrospinal fluid studies combined with radiological images. Early diagnosis, prompt institution of anti-tubercular treatment, and the clinical stage at which the patient presents are important and deciding factors for final outcome. The present review highlights the pathogenesis, recent strides made in diagnosis, including sensitive and specific molecular diagnostic (immunologic and polymerase chain reaction) tests, treatment, and outcome aspects of cerebral tuberculosis.
Keywords: Tuberculosis, Central Nervous System - etiology, Tuberculosis, Central Nervous System - therapy, Adrenal Cortex Hormones - therapeutic use, Cerebrospinal Fluid - cytology, Immunoassay - methods, Molecular Diagnostic Techniques, Mycobacterium - metabolism, Prognosis, Sensitivity and Specificity, Tuberculosis, Central Nervous System - therapy
01 May 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048
04 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069
27 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchFactors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936547
27 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchPrognostic Significance of Preoperative Integrated Liver Inflammatory Score in Patients with Hepatocellular...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937005
25 May 2022 : Review articleNarrative Review of the Mechanism of Hip Prosthesis Dislocation and Methods to Reduce the Risk of Dislocation
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935665
24 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchRemimazolam Tosilate Sedation with Adjuvant Sufentanil in Chinese Patients with Liver Cirrhosis Undergoing ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936580
Most Viewed Current Articles
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
01 Nov 2020 : Review articleLong-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996