Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 August 2004

Growth hormone enhances gastric ulcer healing in rats

Stefan Beckert, Nicole Class, Farshid Farrahi, Stephan Coerper

Med Sci Monit 2004; 10(8): BR255-258 :: ID: 11740

Abstract

Background: Gastric ulcer healing requires the reconstitution of epithelial structures and underlying connective tissue through cellular proliferation, migration, and differentiation. The systemic application of growth hormone (GH) has shown anabolic effects in postoperative and burn therapy by increasing protein synthesis and attenuating protein catabolism. There is also evidence that GH stimulates cell proliferation and differentiation. In this study we evaluated the impact of GH on gastric ulcer healing.
Material/Methods: Gastric ulcers were induced with a cryoprobe in male Wistar rats (285±11 g). The first group of rodents (n=10) received a daily subcutaneous dose of 2.5 mg/kg growth hormone for seven days. The second group (n=10) received only vehicle. After 7 days, ulcer size was determined photoplanimetrically. Cell proliferation and new vessel growth in the ulcer margin were evaluated by quantitative immunohistochemical staining for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and smooth muscle actin (SMA), respectively.
Results: The systemic application of GH caused a significant increase in body weight (332±7 g vs. 289±13 g; p=0.007). Ulcer size was also reduced significantly compared with controls (5.6±0.8 mm2 vs. 9.9±1 mm2; p=0.005). Immunohistochemical analysis revealed a significant increase in cell proliferation (79.7±0.9% pos. cells vs. 64.7±1.9% pos. cells; p=0.0001) as shown by PCNA expression, and a significant increase in new vessel growth as demonstrated by SMA expression (1762±124 cells/mm2 vs. 1067±77 cells/mm2; p=0.0001).
Conclusions: Growth hormone accelerates gastric ulcer healing by stimulating cell proliferation and angiogenesis.

Keywords: Cell Division - drug effects, Gastric Mucosa - drug effects, Gastric Mucosa - pathology, Growth Hormone - pharmacology, Neovascularization, Pathologic - drug therapy, Rats, Wistar, Stomach Ulcer - drug therapy, Wound Healing - drug effects, Cell Division - drug effects, Gastric Mucosa - pathology, Growth Hormone - pharmacology, Neovascularization, Pathologic - drug therapy, Rats, Wistar, Stomach Ulcer - drug therapy, Wound Healing - drug effects

Comments

Editorial

01 May 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937048

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Screening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936962  

04 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069  

27 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936547

In Press

25 May 2022 : Review article  

Narrative Review of the Mechanism of Hip Prosthesis Dislocation and Methods to Reduce the Risk of Dislocation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935665  

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Remimazolam Tosilate Sedation with Adjuvant Sufentanil in Chinese Patients with Liver Cirrhosis Undergoing ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936580  

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Screening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936962  

23 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Fully Automatic Knee Joint Segmentation and Quantitative Analysis for Osteoarthritis from Magnetic Resonanc...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936733  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750