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28 June 2021: Editorial

Editorial: Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Clinical Medicine and the 2020 CONSORT-AI Study Guidelines

Dinah V. Parums *

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933675

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e933675

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Artificial intelligence (AI) in clinical medicine includes physical robotics and devices and virtual AI and machine learning. Concerns have been raised regarding ethical issues for the use of AI in surgery, including guidance for surgical decisions, patient confidentiality, and the need for support from controlled clinical trials to use these methods so that clinical guidelines can be developed. The most common applications for virtual AI include disease diagnosis, health monitoring and digital patient consultations, clinical training, patient data management, drug development, and personalized medicine. In September 2020, the CONSORT-A1 extension was developed with 14 additional items that should be reported for AI studies that include clear descriptions of the AI intervention, skills required, study setting, inputs and outputs of the AI intervention, analysis of errors, and the human and AI interactions. This Editorial aims to present current applications and challenges of AI in clinical medicine and the importance of the new 2020 CONSORT-AI study guidelines.

Keywords: Editorial, Artificial Intelligence, machine learning, Robotics, Guidelines as Topic

Conclusions

Developments in virtual AI and machine learning in clinical medicine continue to improve diagnostic accuracy, identify new treatments, improve patient care, improve medical training and quality of care, and reduce administrative burdens for clinicians, which will provide more time for individualized patient care. Developments in physical AI or robotics devices that assist surgeons may also reduce surgical time and improve outcomes but will require specialized training. The development of the 2020 CONSORT-AI guidelines for AI studies is an important advance that will increase the likelihood of future evidence-based guidelines to support AI in all areas of clinical medicine.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750