Logo MSM

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo MSM Logo MSM Logo MSM

28 June 2021: Editorial

Editorial: Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Clinical Medicine and the 2020 CONSORT-AI Study Guidelines

Dinah V. Parums *

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933675

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e933675

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Artificial intelligence (AI) in clinical medicine includes physical robotics and devices and virtual AI and machine learning. Concerns have been raised regarding ethical issues for the use of AI in surgery, including guidance for surgical decisions, patient confidentiality, and the need for support from controlled clinical trials to use these methods so that clinical guidelines can be developed. The most common applications for virtual AI include disease diagnosis, health monitoring and digital patient consultations, clinical training, patient data management, drug development, and personalized medicine. In September 2020, the CONSORT-A1 extension was developed with 14 additional items that should be reported for AI studies that include clear descriptions of the AI intervention, skills required, study setting, inputs and outputs of the AI intervention, analysis of errors, and the human and AI interactions. This Editorial aims to present current applications and challenges of AI in clinical medicine and the importance of the new 2020 CONSORT-AI study guidelines.

Keywords: Editorial, Artificial Intelligence, machine learning, Robotics, Guidelines as Topic

Conclusions

Developments in virtual AI and machine learning in clinical medicine continue to improve diagnostic accuracy, identify new treatments, improve patient care, improve medical training and quality of care, and reduce administrative burdens for clinicians, which will provide more time for individualized patient care. Developments in physical AI or robotics devices that assist surgeons may also reduce surgical time and improve outcomes but will require specialized training. The development of the 2020 CONSORT-AI guidelines for AI studies is an important advance that will increase the likelihood of future evidence-based guidelines to support AI in all areas of clinical medicine.

References

1. Mintz Y, Brodie R: Introduction to artificial intelligence in medicine: Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol, 2019; 28; 73-81

2. Turing AM: Computing machinery and intelligence: Mind, 1950; 236; 433-60

3. Amisha Malik P, Pathania M, Rathaur VK: Overview of artificial intelligence in medicine: J Family Med Prim Care, 2019; 8(7); 2328-31

4. Hagen ME, Jung MK, Ris F: Early clinical experience with the da Vinci Xi Surgical System in general surgery: J Robot Surg, 2017; 11(3); 347-53

5. Binkley CE, Green BP: Does intraoperative artificial intelligence decision support pose ethical issues?: JAMA Surg, 2021; [Online ahead of print]

6. Loftus TJ, Tighe PJ, Filiberto AC: Artificial Intelligence and Surgical Decision-making: JAMA Surg, 2020; 155(2); 148-58

7. Mayo RC, Leung J: Artificial intelligence and deep learning. Radiology’s next frontier?: Clin Imaging, 2018; 49; 87-88

8. Lakhani P, Sundaram B: Deep learning at chest radiography: Automated classification of pulmonary tuberculosis by using convolutional neural networks: Radiology, 2017; 284; 574-82

9. Schaffter T, Buist DSM, Lee CI: Evaluation of combined artificial intelligence and radiologist assessment to interpret screening mammograms: JAMA Netw Open, 2020; 3(3); e200265

10. Labovitz DL, Shafner L, Reyes Gil M: Using artificial intelligence to reduce the risk of nonadherence in patients on anticoagulation therapy: Stroke, 2017; 48; 1416-19

11. Dias D, Paulo Silva Cunha J: Wearable health devices-vital sign monitoring, systems and technologies: Sensors (Basel), 2018; 18(8); 2414

12. Sinsky C, Colligan L, Li L: Allocation of physician time in ambulatory practice: A time and motion study in 4 specialities: Ann Intern Med, 2016; 165; 753-60

13. Schneider G: Automating drug discovery: Nat Rev Drug Discov, 2018; 17(2); 97-113

14. Merk D, Friedrich L, Grisoni F, Schneider G: De novo design of bioactive small molecules by artificial intelligence: Mol Inform, 2018; 37(1–2); 1700153

15. Jie Z, Zhiying Z, Li L: A meta-analysis of Watson for Oncology in clinical application: Sci Rep, 2021; 11(1); 5792

16. Patel NM, Michelini VV, Snell JM: Enhancing next-generation sequencing-guided cancer care through cognitive computing: Oncologist, 2018; 23(2); 179-85

17. Campbell JP, Lee AY, Abràmoff M: Reporting guidelines for artificial intelligence in medical research: Ophthalmology, 2020; 127(12); 1596-99

18. Faes L, Liu X, Wagner SK: A clinician’s guide to artificial intelligence: How to critically appraise machine learning studies: Transl Vis Sci Technol, 2020; 9; 7

19. Eaton LA: CONSORT guidelines: Encyclopedia of behavioral medicine, 2013; 486-87

20. Moher D, Chan AW: SPIRIT (Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Interventional Trials): Guidelines for reporting health research: A user’s manual, 2014; 56-67

21. Liu X, Cruz Rivera S, Moher D: Reporting guidelines for clinical trial reports for interventions involving artificial intelligence: The CONSORT-AI extension: Nat Med, 2020; 26(9); 1364-74

22. Topol EJ: Welcoming new guidelines for AI clinical research: Nat Med, 2020; 26(9); 1318-20

Coronavirus/Covid 19

22 September 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: Global Regulatory Initiatives Deliver Accelerated Approval of the First Bispecific Therapeutic M...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934854  

08 September 2021 : Clinical Research

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932788  

16 July 2021 : Review article

Silent Hypoxemia in Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.930776  

09 July 2021 : Database Analysis

A Simple Clinical Prediction Tool for COVID-19 in Primary Care with Epidemiology: Temperature-Leukocytes-CT...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.931467  

In Press

23 Sep 2021 : Animal Research

Forkhead Box Protein M1 Promotes Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Cell Tumorigenesis Possibly via the Wnt/β-Catenin...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.931970  

22 Sep 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: Global Regulatory Initiatives Deliver Accelerated Approval of the First Bispecific Therapeutic M...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934854  

22 Sep 2021 : Clinical Research

A Comparative Study of the Clinical Efficacy and Safety of Pneumatic Trabeculoplasty and Selective Laser Tr...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933454  

20 Sep 2021 : Clinical Research

Comparison of the Use of Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Partial Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears Using Maxim...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932228  

Most Viewed

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750