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04 May 2021: Editorial

Editorial: mRNA Vaccines and Future Epidemic, Pandemic, and Endemic Zoonotic Virus Infections

Dinah V. Parums *

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932915

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932915

Abstract

ABSTRACT: There have been rapid developments in safe and effective mRNA vaccines for zoonotic infections in the past year. Years of research have made these advances possible, leading to in vitro-transcribed (IVT) mRNA expressing therapeutic proteins. There are several advantages of mRNA vaccines that include their low-cost manufacturing process, large-scale and rapid production, and the ability to modify the vaccines in response to emerging infections and viral variants. The COVID-19 pandemic and successful vaccination programs for SARS-CoV-2 have highlighted the advantages of mRNA vaccines. Also, mRNA vaccines are in development for several other potential pandemic zoonotic infections, including Ebola virus, rabies virus, Zika virus, HIV-1, and influenza. There may also be hope for the control of pandemic avian influenza by the combination of improved and rapid viral genotyping and the rapid development and mass production of mRNA vaccines. This Editorial aims to present a brief overview of how mRNA vaccines may help control and future epidemic, pandemic, and endemic zoonotic virus infections.

Keywords: Vaccines, COVID-19 vaccine, Influenza, Human, Zoonoses, epidemics, Pandemics, Editorial

Conclusions

New outbreaks from zoonotic viral infections, including from coronaviruses and influenza viruses, require early detection and control to prevent the development of future pandemic and endemic disease. Influenza virus variants and SARS-CoV-2 viral infections are now endemic. The hope lies in rapid and effective vaccination programs that include mRNA vaccine technology.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750